(sscuhuhrge) A severe form of corporal punishment involving whipping and beating, usually was done with the victim tied to a post or bench and administered by a servant of the synagogue (if for religious reasons), or by a slave or soldier.
John 19:1 uses this word for the beating given Jesus before His crucifixion. Matthew and Mark use a word meaning “flog” (a lesser punishment), while Luke says that Pilate offered to have Jesus “chastise[d]” (Luke 23:16), which was a still lighter punishment. The number of blows was set in
Deuteronomy 25:3 at forty, but later reduced to thirty-nine. There were to be thirteen stokes on the chest and twenty-six on the back. Often the victim died from the beating.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'SCOURGE'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".