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Holman Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
Civil service
Responsive religious service
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Levi. Levites; ( an offering: & Redemption of ...)
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
Servant, Service
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Greek - pressed into service
Greek - service
Greek - do service, render service
Greek - priestly service
Greek - divine service, service, service of worship
Greek - do the service, service
Greek - service, priestly service
Greek - eyeservice, external service
Greek - active service, soldier in active service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service, uses services
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service, kind of service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - lip service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service, used in temple service
Hebrew - service
Hebrew - service, service divisions
Hebrew - service

Work done for other people or for God and the worship of God. Jacob worked for Laban seven years for each of his wives (Genesis 29:15-30). Service could be slave labor (Exodus 5:11; Leviticus 25:39; 1 Kings 12:4; Isaiah 14:3; compare Lamentations 1:3), farm work (1 Chronicles 27:26), or daily labor on the job (Psalms 104:23). It could be service of earthly kingdoms (2 Chronicles 12:8; compare 1 Chronicles 26:30), of God's place of worship (Exodus 30:16; compare Numbers 4:47; 1 Chronicles 23:24), of God's ministers (Ezra 8:20), and of God (Joshua 22:27). Not only people do service; God also does service (Isaiah 28:21). Even righteousness has a service (Isaiah 32:17).

Service at its best is worship. This involves the service of Temple vessels (1 Chronicles 9:28), of worship actions (2 Chronicles 35:10; compare Exodus 12:25-26), of bringing offerings (Joshua 22:27), of priestly work (Numbers 8:11). Interestingly, the Old Testament never ascribes service to other gods.

The New Testament similarly speaks of forced service (Matthew 27:32), sacrificial living (Romans 12:1; Philippians 2:17 with a play on words also indicating an offering), slave labor done for Christ's sake (Ephesians 6:7; Colossians 3:22; compare Philippians 2:30), worship (Romans 9:4; Hebrews 12:28), offerings (Romans 15:31; 2 Corinthians 9:12), and personal ministry (Romans 12:7; 1 Timothy 1:12; 2 Timothy 4:11). Hebrews 1:14 talks of the ministry of angels. Being in an army is also service (2 Timothy 2:4), and those who persecute Christ's followers think they do service for God (John 16:2).

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'SERVICE'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".
<>. 1991.


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