(tay' mahr) Personal name meaning, “date palm.” 1. Daughter-in-law of Judah, wife of his eldest son, Er (Genesis 38:6). After her wicked husband died without fathering a child, Tamar was given to Er's brother, Onan, for the purpose of bearing a child in the name of the dead man. Onan refused to impregnate Tamar, for which God killed him. She then tricked her father-in-law into fathering her child (Genesis 38:18). See Levirate Marriage.
2. A daughter of David raped by her half brother, Amnon (2 Samuel 13:14). The act was avenged by her full brother, Absalom, when he had Amnon murdered (2 Samuel 13:28-29). These acts were part of Nathan's property that the sword would never depart from David's house (2 Samuel 12:10).
3. Absalom named his only daughter Tamar. She is called “a beautiful woman” (2 Samuel 14:27).
4. City built by Solomon “in the wilderness” (1 Kings 9:18). The text should perhaps read Tadmor (2 Chronicles 8:4), since the Hebrew lacks the qualifying phrase “of Judah” and the Masoretic vowel points correspond Tadmor. See Tadmor.
5. Fortified city at the southern end of the Dead Sea, marking the ideal limit of Israel (Ezekiel 47:19;
Ezekiel 48:28). If identical with 4, this Tamar likely served as a supply depot for Solomon's mines in the Arabah and as a frontier post to guard the border with Edom.