(ay' chissh) Philistine personal name. 1. King of Gath, a Philistine city, to whom David fled in fear of Saul (1 Samuel 21:10). David played the madman to escape from Achish (1 Samuel 21:13). Later David became a soldier for Achish, but cunningly expanded his own influence around Ziklag (1 Samuel 27:1). David joined Achish to fight Saul (1 Samuel 28:1-2), but the Philistine leaders forced him to leave without fighting (1 Samuel 29:1-11). Saul and his sons, including Jonathan, died in the battle (1 Samuel 31:1-6). 2. King of Gath to whom Shimei went to retrieve his servants but in so doing violated his agreement with Solomon and lost his life (1 Kings 2:36-46).
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'ACHISH'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".