The Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia
|The Exodus |
- The Flight of Moses to Midian. Moses made the first effort to
Emancipate his enslaved brethren. At the age of forty he forsook the
Court of Pharaoh and attempted to ally himself with the chosen people
(Exodus 2:11,12; Acts 7:22-25; Hebrews 11:23-27). His brethren understood him not; his efforts on their behalf were futile, and he was compelled to flee
For Midian for his life (Exodus 2:11-15).
- Sojourn in Midian. Moses spent forty years in Midian
(Acts 7:29,30). He married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro, a descendant of Abraham by his wife Keturah (Genesis 25:1-3; Exodus 2:16-25), and became the father of two sons (Exodus 2:22; Exodus 4:20; Exodus 18:1-4).
- Moses Commission'. While in the land of Midian, Moses led the
Quiet and peaceful life of a shepherd (Exodus 3:1). The angel of the Lord appeared to him in the burning bush and commanded him to return to
Egypt and lead his brethren out of their bitter bondage (Exodus 3:2-10 Acts 7:30-35). Moses declined to go because of
- his insignificance, (Exodus 3:11,12),
- the fear that his brethren would not believe him (Exodus 4:1),
- and his inability to speak with fluency (Exodus 4:10-12).
- Aaron Chosen. The Lord met every objection urged by Moses, but
Still he persisted in his desire to shrink from the task (Exodus 3:2-22; Exodus 4:1-13). Aaron was therefore selected to assist him and to be the
Spokesman (Exodus 4:14-16).
- The Return to Egypt. Moses departed from Midian, taking his wife
And two sons with him. On the way the Lord met him and was about to
Take his life, but this calamity was averted by Zipporah, who took a
Sharp stone and circumcised her son (Exodus 4:18-26).
- Brothers Meet. Moses and Aaron met at the mount of God. After an
Affectionate greeting Moses communicated to him the word of the Lord
And showed him the signs that had been given him (Exodus 4:27,28).
- Arrival in Egypt. They arrived in Egypt and informed the elders
Of Israel of the revelation from God, and the people believed and bowed
Their heads in worship (Exodus 4:30,31).
- Demand on Pharaoh. Moses and Aaron approached the king and in
The name of God demanded the release of his children. Pharaoh
Insolently and rebelliously refused the request, and the great contest
Between the King of Heaven and the mighty earthly potentate began
- Ten Plagues. The Lord plagued the Egyptians in order to multiply
His signs and wonders, and that they might known that He is God
(Exodus 7:1-5). The first nine plagues were
- the waters turned to blood (Exodus 7:15-25),
- frogs filled the land (Exodus 8:1-14),
- lice afflicted people and beasts (Exodus 8:16-19),
- flies filled the land (Exodus 8:20-24),
- murrain destroyed the cattle (Exodus 9:1-7),
- people afflicted with boils and blains (Exodus 9:8-14),
- hail smote the growing crops (Exodus 9:13-35),
- locusts filled the land (Exodus 10:13-15),
- and darkness covered Egypt (Exodus 10:21-23).
- Special Command to Moses. The Lord commanded Moses to tell the
People to borrow of their Egyptian neighbors jewels of silver and gold
(Exodus 11:1,2). The justice of this command can be seen in the fact that they had served the Egyptians many years without remuneration
(Exodus 1:6-14; Exodus 5:1-19).
- Harmony of Exodus 9:6,19,25. It is asserted that all the cattle of Egypt died. But is is plain that only the cattle died that remained
(Exodus 9:3) in the field during the murrain. The cattle that were destroyed by the hail-storm were those that were saved from the murrain
- Explanation of Exodus 9:16; Romans 9:17. The Egyptians were idolaters (Exodus 5:1-3; Exodus 9:30; Exodus 14:18). Pharaoh was "raised up" in order that God might manifest His power and glory. "Raised up" has no
Reference to his birth or his elevation to the throne of Egypt. It
Means "roused up" or "made to stand." When Moses and Aaron demanded the
Release of the Hebrews he wickedly, rebelliously, and insolently denied
The true God and refused to let them go (Exodus 5:1-3). He had already made himself a vessel of wrath fitted for destruction
(Romans 9:22). God listened to the cries of his people and endured for a while this vessel fitted for destruction, and at last, when the time
Came, unloosed the burning fires of judgment, roused Pharaoh up from
His infidelity, and proclaimed his name throughout Egypt, and in the
Ears of Israel (Exodus 7:5; Exodus 14:17,18,31).
- The Passover. The Lord commanded Moses to speak unto the
Children of Israel and command them to select a lamb for each household
On the tenth day of the month, assuring them that this should be to
Them the first month of the year (Exodus 12:1-5). They were to keep the lamb until the fourteenth day of the month and kill it at the going
Down of the sun. They were to strike the posts of the doors of their
Dwellings with the blood. They were to roast the flesh and eat it in
Haste, with bitter herbs and unleavened bread (Exodus 12:6-20). On that night the Lord passed through the land and smote the firstborn of
Man and beast (Exodus 12:21-29).
- The Emancipation Proclamation. When Pharaoh heard the mighty
Cry he called for Moses and Aaron and gave them permission to depart
And take their property with them (Exodus 12:30-33).
- The Departure. The children of Israel departed from Rameses
2513 Years after the creation of Adam (Genesis 5:3-32; Genesis 7:6; Genesis 11:10-32; Genesis 12:4,5 Genesis 21:5; Genesis 25:26; Genesis 41:46,53,54; Genesis 45:4-6; Genesis 47:9; Genesis 50:26; Exodus 7:7; Exodus 12:40,41; Galatians 3:17). There were six hundred thousand men. Allowing one woman to each man,
And two children to each family, the population was at least two
Million four hundred thousand (Exodus 12:37).
- Sanctification of the Firstborn. In memory of the preservation
Of the children of Israel during the last night in Egypt, the Lord took
Unto himself the first born of man and beast (Exodus 13:1-16).
- The Precious Burden. The triumphant host of Israel carried the
Remains of their great benefactor Joseph with them (Genesis 50:24-26 Exodus 13:19).
- The Great Leader. As they departed from Egypt the Lord went
Before them in a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night
- At the Red Sea. Moses and his mighty host encamped by the Red
Sea. Pharaoh and his army drew near. The people were afraid, but Moses
Commanded them to stand still and see the salvation of the Lord,
Assuring them that they would see the Egyptians no more, for the Lord
Would fight for them, and they should hold their peace (Exodus 14:1-18). The angel of the Lord took his position between the two camps,
Appearing as darkness to the Egyptians and light to the children of
God. The Lord opened the sea, and the children of Israel went forward
On dry ground, but the Egyptians following were drowned (Exodus 14:19-31).
- Apostolic Endorsement. This mighty historical event was
Endorsed by the apostle Paul (1 Corinthians 10:1-12).
- Salvation of Israel.
- The Lord saved the children of Israel by opening up the way for them;
- and they saved themselves by using the means placed within their reach; God opened the way, and they passed through!
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition
that is available from Online-Bible.
Johnson, Ashley S. "Entry for 'The Exodus'". "Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia". <http://classic.studylight.org/enc/cbc/view.cgi?number=T27>. 1896.