The Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia
|The Worship |
- Perpetual Service. In an important sense the worship of the
Hebrews was incessant. At the inauguration of the tabernacle service by
The consecration of Aaron and his sons (Exodus 40:1-38; Leviticus 8:1-36), fire fell from heaven upon the altar of burnt sacrifices (Leviticus 9:1-24), and they were commanded to keep it burning continually (Leviticus 6:12,13). They were also required to keep the golden lamps in the holy place burning
Continually (Leviticus 24:1-3) and the showbread was "set in order before the Lord continually" (Leviticus 24:5-9).
- Elements of the Service. The continual service was characterized by,
- Daily Sacrifices. They were commanded to offer upon the brazen
Altar two lambs, one in the morning, and the other in the evening,
Continually. With each lamb, they offered flour, oil and wine
(Exodus 29:38-43; Numbers 28:1-8). The offerings were doubled on the Sabbath day (Numbers 28:9,10).
- Irregular Offerings. The class of offerings embraced all
Individual sacrifices, chiefly comprehended under five classifications,
And the people were at liberty to present them whenever necessity
- The burnt offering was an animal sacrifice and was wholly
Consumed upon the brazen altar (Leviticus 1:1-17);
- the meat offering was bloodless and part of it was burnt, and
The remainder was consumed by Aaron and his sons (Leviticus 2:1-16);
- the peace offering consisted of an animal, part of which was
Burnt on the altar, the remainder being eaten by the priests and
The worshipper (Leviticus 3:1-17; Leviticus 7:11-38);
- the sin offering consisted of an animal, part of which was
Consumed upon the altar of burnt offerings and the remainder
Burnt without the camp (Leviticus 4:1-35);
- the trespass offering consisted of an animal and the presentation was similar to that of the sin offering (Leviticus 7:1-7). It was distinguished from all other offerings by the restitution that the worshipper was required to make (Leviticus 5:1-19; Leviticus 6:1-7; Leviticus 7:1-7).
- Requirements of Sacrifices.
- The irregular sacrifices were characterized by offerings for
Sin, consumption by fire, reformation of life, peace, voluntary
Gifts to the Lord.
- They were required to offer animals without blemish (Leviticus 1:1-3; Leviticus 22:17-25).
- They were required to offer salt with all their sacrifices (Leviticus 2:13).
- The blood of the sin offerings for the priests and for the whole congregation was sprinkled seven times before the Lord, before the vail of the sanctuary, and some of it was put upon the altar of incense (Leviticus 4:1-21).
- They were prohibited from eating any part of an animal whose blood was carried into the tabernacle (Leviticus 6:24-30).
- Periodical Offerings. All the males of the Hebrews were required
To appear before the Lord three times a year: at the passover, feast of
Weeks and feast of tabernacles (Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23:1-44), at which time numerous sacrifices were offered (Numbers 28:16-31; Numbers 29:1-40).
- Day of Atonement. This was by far the most important day in the
Hebrew calendar. It was the day on which reconciliation was made for
The entire nation. After the ordinary morning sacrifice was presented
(Exodus 28:38-42), a special offering was made, consisting of one young bullock, seven lambs, one ram, one kid of the goats, accompanied by
Meat offerings of flour mingled with oil (Numbers 29:7-11). Very probably it was before the presentation of this special offering that the high
Priest laid aside his garments of glory and beauty and arrayed himself
In spotless linen. He then brought a bullock for a sin offering and a
Ram for a burnt offering to the north side of the altar, after which he
Bathed his hands and feet at the laver, took a censer full of fire from
The brazen altar and a handful of incense which he immediately burnt
Within the second vail. He then returned to the altar of burnt
Offerings and slew the bullock of the sin offering. Taking of its blood
He returned within the vail and sprinkled it upon the mercy seat and
Seven times upon the ground before it: this was the sin offering for
Himself and family. After making an atonement for himself and
House, he returned and slew the goat for a sin offering for the people,
Which had been previously provided. Taking of its blood he returned the
Third time within the vail and sprinkled it upon the mercy seat
Eastward, and seven times upon the ground before it. Coming out of the
Most holy place he stained the horns of the altar of incense with the
Blood; returning to the brazen altar, he stained the horns thereof with
The blood of both sin offerings, and sprinkled it with his finger upon
The altar seven times. When the atonement for the priests, tabernacle
And people had been completed, the second goat of the sin offering for
The people, the one for the scapegoat, had the sins of the people
Confessed over it by the high priest who laid his hands upon its head,
After which it was led into the wilderness by a man selected for the
Purpose. The high priest then went into the tabernacle where he
Removed the plain linen garments, and after bathing his person again,
Resumed his official dress. Returning to the altar he offered his burnt
Offering and that of the people, and burnt the fat of the sin offerings
Upon the altar. During this service no one was allowed in the
Tabernacle. The bodies of the sin offerings were burnt without the
Camp. The man who burned the bodies of the sin offerings, and the one
Who led away the scapegoat, were required to wash their clothes and
Bathe their flesh before returning to the camp. On this day the people
Were required to refrain from work and afflict their souls
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Johnson, Ashley S. "Entry for 'The Worship'". "Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia". <http://classic.studylight.org/enc/cbc/view.cgi?number=T39>. 1896.