Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Saturday, April 20, 2019

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Join a different kind of "Christian Book Club!" Click to find out how!

• Learn Greek, Aramaic, Biblical or Modern Hebrew online

• Try SwordSearcher Bible Software Today

• Hunting for choral music have you frustrated?

  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL



The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Start Your Search
Choose a letter from below
to display alphabetical list:

    Printer friendly version
Dark SayingsDarkly

dark, dark'-nes (choshekh; skotos):

1. Darkness and Light in Palestine:

The day and night, light and darkness, are notable antitheses in Palestine. There the day does not slowly fade away into the night after a period of twilight, but before sunset there is the brightness of day, and when the sun has disappeared everything has changed and night is at hand. From sunset until the darkness of night is less than an hour.

2. Symbolic Uses:

In the Bible the main use of darkness is in contrast to light. Light is the symbol of God's purity, wisdom and glory. Darkness is the opposite. Miraculous occurrence of darkness in the land of Egypt for three days is recorded in Exodus 10:21,22, and at the death of Christ (Matthew 27:45). See PLAGUE; ECLIPSE.

The figurative uses of darkness are many and various. It is used as a symbol

(a) of moral depravity and its punishment. The wicked walk and work in darkness (Psalms 82:5; Proverbs 2:13; John 3:19; Romans 13:12), and their reward is to "sit in darkness" (Psalms 107:10) or to be "cast forth into the outer darkness" (Matthew 8:12);

(b) of things mysterious or inexplicable (1 Kings 8:12; Psalms 97:2);

(c) of trouble and affliction (2 Samuel 22:29; Job 5:14; Proverbs 20:20; Isaiah 9:2; compare Genesis 15:12);

(d) of punishment (Lamentations 3:2; Ezekiel 32:8; Zechariah 1:15); (e) of death (1 Samuel 2:9; Job 10:21; Ecclesiastes 11:8); (f) of nothingness (Job 3:4-6); (g) of human ignorance (Job 19:8; 1 John 2:11).

"A dark (the Revised Version, margin "squalid") place" (2 Peter 1:19) refers especially to the state of things described in 2Pe 2.

Alfred H. Joy

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available from Crosswire Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'DARK; DARKNESS'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". <>. 1915.


Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2019,