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The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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Additional Resources
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Greek - apparel
Greek - apparel
Greek - apparel
Greek - apparel
Hebrew - apparel, apparelled
Hebrew - apparel
Hebrew - apparel
Hebrew - apparel
Hebrew - rich apparel
Hebrew - apparel
Hebrew - apparel


The English equivalent of six Hebrew and three Greek words, variously signifying all kinds of raiment, chiefly garments costly and beautiful: ornamental (2 Samuel 1:24); royal, as of Ahasuerus (Esther 6:8), of Herod (Acts 12:21, esthes); of kings' daughters (2 Samuel 13:18); priestly (Ezra 3:10); also mourning (2 Samuel 14:2). In 1 Samuel 17:38,39 "apparel" replaces "armor" of King James Version:

"Saul clad David with his apparel," probably some close-fitting garment worn under the armor, or sometimes without it. Severe judgment was pronounced on Jewish princes who clothed themselves with "strange" (the King James Version), i.e. "with foreign apparel" (Zec 1:8; compare Isaiah 2:6-8). "Modest apparel" as against "costly raiment" is commended as suited to Christians (1 Timothy 2:9; himatismos, and katastole). Angels are robed in white apparel (Acts 1:10; compare Luke 24:4, "dazzling"). Fig. of the glorious and red (suggestive of the wine-press) apparel of the Messiah (Isaiah 63:1,2), and of "a meek and quiet spirit" (1 Peter 3:4).

Dwight M. Pratt

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available from Crosswire Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'APPAREL'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". <>. 1915.


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