A title assigned to Nehemiah, probably by a later editor (Nehemiah 8:9). The Septuagint omits the title; the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A. D.) gives "Athersatha"; the King James Version reads "Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha." Tirshatha is the Persian title for a local or provincial governor (Nehemiah 8:9 = 1 Esdras 9:49). See TIRSHATHA.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'ATTHARATES'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". <http://classic.studylight.org/enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T952>. 1915.