The New Testament Greek Lexicon
| Strong's Number: 5636||Tense, Voice and Mood|
| ||Second Aorist
The "second aorist" tense is identical in meaning and translation to the normal or "first" aorist tense. The only difference is in the form of spelling the words in Greek, and there is no effect upon English translation.
| ||Middle Deponent
The middle deponent forms in almost all cases are translated as being in the active voice.
The optative mood is generally used in the so-called "fourth-class" conditions which express a wish or desire for an action to occur in which the completion of such is doubtful. By the time of the New Testament, the optative mood was beginning to disappear from spoken and written Greek, and such rarely occurs in the New Testament.
In a few cases, verbs in the optative mood stand apart from a conditional clause to express the strongest possible wish regarding an event. The most common of these appears in the phrase "mh genoito" (AV,"God forbid"; NKJV "Certainly not").
Thayer and Smith. "Greek Lexicon entry for ". "The New Testament Greek Lexicon".