The New Testament Greek Lexicon
| Strong's Number: 5757||Tense, Voice and Mood|
| ||Second Perfect
The second perfect is identical in meaning to that of the normal or "first" perfect tense, and has no additional effect on English translation. The classification merely represents a spelling variation in Greek.
The passive voice represents the subject as being the recipient of the action. E.g., in the sentence, "The boy was hit by the ball," the boy receives the action.
The Greek participle corresponds for the most part to the English participle, reflecting "-ing" or "-ed" being suffixed to the basic verb form. The participle can be used either like a verb or a noun, as in English, and thus is often termed a "verbal noun."
Thayer and Smith. "Greek Lexicon entry for ". "The New Testament Greek Lexicon".