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Home > Lexicons > Greek Lexicon > Gabbatha

The New Testament Greek Lexicon

 Strong's Number:  1042Gabbaqa
Original WordWord Origin
 Gabbaqa of Aramaic origin cf (01355)
Transliterated WordPhonetic Spelling
 Gabbatha gab-bath-ah'
Parts of SpeechTDNT
 Noun Location None
 Definition
  Gabbatha = "elevated or a platform"
  1. a raised place, elevation
In the Greek was called Lithostrotos, or the pavement of stones,as the Syrian version renders it: it is thought to be the room Gazith, in which the sanhedrin sat in the temple when they tried capital causes; and it was so called, because it was paved with smooth, square hewn stones: "it was in the north part; half of it was holy, and half of it was common: and it had two doors, one for that part which was holy, and another for that part that was common; and in that half that was common the sanhedrin sat." So that into this part of it, and by this door, Pilate, though a Gentile, might enter. This place, in the language of the Jews, who at that time spoke Syrian, was Gabbatha, from its height, as it should seem; though the Syrian and Persian versions read Gaphiphtha, which signifies a fence or enclosure. Mention is made in the Talmud of the upper Gab in the mountain of the house; but whether the same with this Gabbatha, and whether this is the same with the chamber Gazith, is not certain. The Septuagint uses the same word as John here does, and calls by the same name the pavement of the temple on which Israelites fell and worshipped God. (2 Chronicles 7:3 (Gill)

The Hebrew word for Pavement occurs only once in the Old Testament. In 2 Kings 16:17 we read, "King Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen that were under it, and put it upon the pavement of stones." In Ahaz's case his act was the conclusive token of his abject apostasy. So here of Pilate coming down to the apostate Jews. In the former case it was a Jewish ruler dominated by a Gentile idolater; in the latter, a Gentile idolater dominated by Jews who had rejected the Messiah! (John 19:13)

 Translated Words
 KJV (1) - Gabbatha, 1;

NAS (1) - Gabbatha, 1;

 Verse Count
KJVNAS
 
John1
 
John1
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Abbreviations Legend:
TDNT - Theological Dictionary of the New Testament;

Copyright Statement
The New Testament Greek Lexicon based on Thayer's and Smith's Bible Dictionary plus others; this is keyed to the large Kittel and the "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament." These files are public domain.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries. Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved. http://www.lockman.org/.

Bibliography Information
Thayer and Smith. "Greek Lexicon entry for Gabbatha". "The New Testament Greek Lexicon".
<http://classic.studylight.org/lex/grk/view.cgi?number=1042>.  

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