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The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon

 Strong's Number:  8765Stem and Mood
Word Stem

  1. Piel usually expresses an "intensive" or "intentional" action.

    he brokehe broke to pieces, he smashed
    he senthe sent away, he expelled

  2. Sometimes the Piel introduces a new meaning to the Qal form.

    he countedhe recounted, he told
    he completedhe paid, he compensated
    he learnedhe taught

  3. Piel expresses a "repeated" or "extended" action.

    he jumpedhe skipped, he hopped

  4. Some intransitive verbs in Qal become transitive in Piel.

    to be strongto strengthen, to fortify
    to become greatto make great

Word Mood

The Perfect expresses a completed action.

  1. In reference to time, such an action may be:

    1. one just completed from the standpoint of the present

      "I have come" to tell you the news

    2. one completed in the more or less distant past

      in the beginning God "created"
      "I was (once) young" and "I have (now) grown old" but
      "I have not seen" a righteous man forsaken

    3. one already completed from the point of view of another past act

      God saw everything that "he had made"

    4. one completed from the point of view of another action yet future

      I will draw for thy camels also until "they have done" drinking

  2. The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English.

    1. in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence -- truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed

      the grass "withereth"
      the sparrow "findeth" a house

    2. an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present

      "I stretch out" my hands to thee
      "thou never forsakest" those who seek thee

    3. the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into "complete existence" and realisation

      "I know" thou wilt be king
      "I hate" all workers of iniquity

    4. Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect.

      1. in promises, threats and language of contracts

        the field "give I" thee
        and if not, "I will take it"

      2. prophetic language

        my people "is gone into captivity"
        (i.e. shall assuredly go)

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Bibliography Information
Brown, Driver, Briggs and Gesenius. "Hebrew Lexicon entry for ". "The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon".


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