The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon
| Strong's Number: 8765||Stem and Mood|
- Piel usually expresses an "intensive" or "intentional" action.
|he broke||he broke to pieces, he smashed|
|he sent||he sent away, he expelled |
- Sometimes the Piel introduces a new meaning to the Qal form.
|he counted||he recounted, he told|
|he completed||he paid, he compensated|
|he learned||he taught |
- Piel expresses a "repeated" or "extended" action.
|he jumped||he skipped, he hopped |
- Some intransitive verbs in Qal become transitive in Piel.
|to be strong||to strengthen, to fortify|
|to become great||to make great |
The Perfect expresses a completed action.
- In reference to time, such an action may be:
- one just completed from the standpoint of the present
"I have come" to tell you the news
- one completed in the more or less distant past
in the beginning God "created"
"I was (once) young" and "I have (now) grown old" but
"I have not seen" a righteous man forsaken
- one already completed from the point of view of another past act
God saw everything that "he had made"
- one completed from the point of view of another action yet future
I will draw for thy camels also until "they have done" drinking
- The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English.
- in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence -- truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed
the grass "withereth"
the sparrow "findeth" a house
- an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present
"I stretch out" my hands to thee
"thou never forsakest" those who seek thee
- the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into "complete existence" and realisation
"I know" thou wilt be king
"I hate" all workers of iniquity
- Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect.
- in promises, threats and language of contracts
the field "give I" thee
and if not, "I will take it"
- prophetic language
my people "is gone into captivity"
(i.e. shall assuredly go)
Brown, Driver, Briggs and Gesenius. "Hebrew Lexicon entry for ". "The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon".