The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon
| Strong's Number: 8804||Stem and Mood|
Qal is the most frequently used verb pattern. It expresses the "simple" or "casual" action of the root in the active voice.
he sat, he ate, he went, he said, he rose, he bought
This form accounts for 66.7% of the verbs parsed.
The Perfect expresses a completed action.
- In reference to time, such an action may be:
- one just completed from the standpoint of the present
"I have come" to tell you the news
- one completed in the more or less distant past
in the beginning God "created"
"I was (once) young" and "I have (now) grown old" but
"I have not seen" a righteous man forsaken
- one already completed from the point of view of another past act
God saw everything that "he had made"
- one completed from the point of view of another action yet future
I will draw for thy camels also until "they have done" drinking
- The perfect is often used where the present is employed in English.
- in the case of general truths or actions of frequent occurrence -- truths or actions which have been often experienced or observed
the grass "withereth"
the sparrow "findeth" a house
- an action or attitude of the past may be continued into the present
"I stretch out" my hands to thee
"thou never forsakest" those who seek thee
- the perfect of intransitive verbs is used where English uses the present; The perfect in Hebrew in such a case emphasises a condition which has come into "complete existence" and realisation
"I know" thou wilt be king
"I hate" all workers of iniquity
- Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect.
- in promises, threats and language of contracts
the field "give I" thee
and if not, "I will take it"
- prophetic language
my people "is gone into captivity"
(i.e. shall assuredly go)
Brown, Driver, Briggs and Gesenius. "Hebrew Lexicon entry for ". "The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon".