And you hath he quickened…
The design of the apostle
in this and some following verses, is to show the exceeding sinfulness
of sin, and to set forth the sad estate and condition of man by nature,
and to magnify the riches of the grace of God, and represent the
exceeding greatness of his power in conversion: the phrase
hath he quickened,
is not in the original text, but is supplied from
(Ephesians 2:5) , where it will be met with and explained: here those who are
quickened with Christ, and by the power and grace of God, are
described in their natural and unregenerate estate,
who were dead in trespasses and sins;
not only dead in Adam, in whom
they sinned, being their federal head and representative; and in a
legal sense, the sentence of condemnation and death having passed upon
them; but in a moral sense, through original sin, and their own
actual transgressions: which death lies in a separation from God,
Father, Son, and Spirit, such are without God, and are alienated
from the life of God, and they are without Christ, who is the author
and giver of life, and they are sensual, not having the Spirit, who
is the spirit of life; and in a deformation of the image of God,
such are dead as to their understandings, wills, and affections,
with respect to spiritual things, and as to their capacity to do any
thing that is spiritually good; and in a loss of original
righteousness; and in a privation of the sense of sin and misery;
and in a servitude to sin, Satan, and the world: hence it appears,
that man must be in himself unacceptable to God, infectious and
hurtful to his fellow creatures, and incapable of helping himself:
so it was usual with the Jews to call a wicked and ignorant man, a
dead man; they say F9,
``there is no death like that of those that transgress the
words of the law, who are called, (Mytm) , "dead men", and
therefore the Scripture says, "turn and live".''
And again F11,
``no man is called a living man, but he who is in the way of
truth in this world.----And a wicked man who does not go in
the way of truth, is called, (tm) , "a dead man".''
And once more F12
``whoever is without wisdom, lo, he is (tmk) , "as a dead man";''
(See Gill on 5:6). The Alexandrian and Claromontane copies,
and one of Stephens's, and the Vulgate Latin version, read, "dead in
your trespasses and sins"; and the Syriac version, "dead in your sins
and in your trespasses"; and the Ethiopic version only, "dead in your
F9 Zohar in Gen, fol. 41. 3.
F11 Ib. in Num. fol. 76. 1. Vid. ib;. in Exod. fol. 44. 2.
F12 Caphtor, fol. 30. 2.