The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible
Salute all them that have the rule over you…
pastors and officers of the church of the Hebrews, the same with
those in (Hebrews 13:7,17) and all the saints; the several members of
the church, who were set apart to holiness by God; whose sins were
expiated by Christ; to whom Christ was made sanctification; and who
were internally sanctified by the Spirit of God, and lived holy
lives and conversations; to these the apostle wished all prosperity,
inward and outward, spiritual and temporal; and he uses the word
"all" in both clauses; and, including every officer and member,
expresses his universal love to them, whether high or low, rich or
poor, greater or lesser believers:
they of Italy salute you;
that is, the brethren, as the Vulgate
Latin version reads; the Italian brethren; such as were at Puteoli,
and other places, in that country; see (Acts 28:13,14) . Italy is a
famous and well known country in Europe; a very fruitful and
delightful one; of which Rome, where the apostle very likely now
was, is the chief city: it has been called by different names, as
Saturnia from Saturn; and Ausonia, Aenotria, and Hesperia Magna; and
it had its name Italy, some say, from Italus, the son of Penelope
and Telegonus; others, from Italus, a king of the Arcadians, or, as
some say, the Sicilians; but, according to Timsaeus and Varro F5, it
was so called from the multitude of oxen in it, which in the old
Greek language were called (italoi) , "Italoi", to which comes near in
sound the Latin word "vituli", used for "calves"; and Italy is
frequently, by Jewish writers F6 called (Nwy lv ayljya) , "Italy of
Greece"; and formerly it was inhabited by Greeks, and was called
Great Greece F7: it is bounded on the east with the Adriatic sea;
and on the west by the river Var, with the Alps, which separate
France from Italy; and on the south with the Tyrrhene, or Tuscan
sea, called the lower, and on the north, partly with the Alps, which
are on the borders of Germany, and partly with the Adriatic sea,
called the higher. There were Christians in this country before the
Apostle Paul came to Rome, both at Rome, and other places, as before
observed. It is said F8, that Barnabas was first at Rome, and planted
the church there; that he went round Lombardy, and lived at Milain;
that in the "first" century, Apollinaris preached at Ravenna, and
Hermagoras at Aquileia; and there were Christian churches in the
"second" century, not only at Rome, but in many other cities and
places; and so likewise in the "third" century, as at Verona, Spoletum,
Beneventum… and in the "fourth" century, there were great numbers
of churches in this country; as at Verona, and Capua, in Calabria,
Campania, and Apulia; and which might be traced in following centuries.
F5 Apud Aul. Gell. Noct. Attic. l. 11. c. 1. Vid. Apollodor. de Orig.
Deorum, l. 2. p. 101.
F6 Bereshit Rabba, sect. 67. fol. 59. 4. T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 56. 2.
R. Sol. Jarchi in Gen. xxvii. 39.
F7 lsidor. Hispal. Origin. l. 14. c. 4.
F8 Hist. Eccl. Magdeburg. cent. 1. l. 2. c. 2. p. 17. cent. 2. c. 2.
p. 4. cent. 3. c. 2. p. 4. cent. 4. c. 2. p. 6.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 13:24". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=heb&chapter=013&verse=024>. 1999.