The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleIsaiah 51:9
Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the Lord…
Septuagint and Arabic versions take the words to be an address to
Jerusalem; and the Syriac version to Zion, as in (Isaiah 51:17) (52:1) , but
wrongly: they are, as Jarchi says, a prayer of the prophet, or it may
be rather of the church represented by him; and are addressed either to
God the Father, who, when he does not immediately appear on the behalf
of his people, is thought by them to be asleep, though he never
slumbers nor sleeps, but always keeps a watchful eye over them; but
this they not apprehending, call upon him to "awake"; which is
repeated, to show their sense of danger, and of their need of him, and
their vehement importunity; and that he would clothe himself with
strength, and make it visible, exert his power, and make bare his arm
on their behalf: or they are an address to Christ, who is the power of
God, that he would appear in the greatness of strength, show himself
strong in favour of his people, and take to himself his great power and
awake, as in the ancient days,
in the generations of old; which is
mentioned not only as an argument to prevail with the Lord that he
would do as he had formerly done; but as an argument to encourage the
faith of the church, that as he had done, he could and would still do
great things for them:
art thou not it that hath cut Rahab;
that is, Egypt, so called either
from the pride and haughtiness of its inhabitants; or from the large
extent of the country; or from the form of it, being in the likeness of
a pear, as some have thought; see (Psalms 87:4) and the sense is, art thou
not that very arm, and still possessed of the same power, that cut or
"hewed" to pieces, as the word F16 signifies, the Egyptians, by the ten
plagues sent among them?
and wounded the dragon?
that is, Pharaoh king of Egypt, so called from
the river Nile in Egypt, where he reigned, and because of his
fierceness and cruelty, see (Ezekiel 29:3) . So the Targum interprets it of
Pharaoh and his army, who were strong as a dragon. And that same mighty
arm that destroyed Egypt, and its tyrannical king, can and will destroy
that great city, spiritually called Sodom and Egypt, and the beast that
has two horns like a lamb, but speaks like a dragon, and to whom the
dragon has given his seat, power, and authority; and the rather this
may be believed, since the great red dragon has been cast out, or Rome
Pagan has been destroyed by him, (Revelation 11:8) (13:2,11) (12:3,9) .
F16 (tbuxhm) "quod excidit", Piscator; "excidens", Montanas.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 51:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=051&verse=009>. 1999.