The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleIsaiah 52:15
So shall he sprinkle many nations…
This is not to be
understood of water baptism, for though this has been administered in
many nations, yet not by Christ, nor done by sprinkling; rather of the
grace of the Spirit, which is expressed by water, and its application
by sprinkling, and is of a cleansing and sanctifying nature, and which
Gentiles are made partakers of; but better of the blood of Christ,
called the blood of sprinkling, by which the conscience is purged from
dead works, and the heart from an evil conscience, and by which
multitudes of many nations are justified and sanctified; though it
seems best of all to interpret it of the doctrine of Christ, which is
compared to rain and dew, and is dropped, distilled, and sprinkled, and
falls gently upon the souls of men, and has been published in many
nations, with good effect and success. So Kimchi and Ben Melech say the
phrase is expressive of speaking. This passage is applied to the
Messiah by a Jewish writer F25. The Targum is,
``he will scatter many people;''
and Aben Ezra interprets it of pouring out their blood and taking
vengeance on them.
The kings shall shut their mouths at him;
astonished at the glories and
excellencies of his person and office, as outshining theirs; at his
wonderful works of grace and salvation, and as having nothing to object
to his doctrines; and if they do not profess them, yet dare not
blaspheme them. It seems to denote a reverent attention to them, and a
subjection to Christ and his ordinances; and must be understood of
their subjects as well as of themselves.
For that which had not been told them shall they see, and that which
they had not heard shall they consider;
or "understand" F26; this is
applied to Christ and his Gospel, in the times of the apostles,
(Romans 15:20,21) . The Gentiles had not the oracles of God committed to
them; could not be told the things of the Gospel, and what relate to
Christ, by their oracles, or by their philosophers; nor could they be
come at by the light of nature, or by carnal reason; such as the
doctrines of a trinity of Persons in the Godhead; of the deity, sonship,
and incarnation of Christ; of salvation by him; of justification by his
righteousness, pardon by his blood, and atonement by his sacrifice; of
the resurrection of the dead, and eternal life: but now Christ and his
Gospel are seen and understood by spiritual men; who, besides having a
revelation given them, and the Gospel preached unto them, have their
eyes opened, and indeed new eyes and understandings given them; so that
they have a sight of Christ, of the glory, beauty, and fulness of his
person by faith, through the glass of the word, so as to approve of
him, appropriate him, and become like unto him; and of his Gospel, and
the doctrines of it, so as to like and esteem them, believe them,
distinguish them, and look upon them with wonder and pleasure.
F25 Baal Hatturim in Lev. xvi. 14.
F26 (wnnwbth) , (bunhsousi) , Sept.; intelligent, Calvin; "intellexerunt",
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 52:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=isa&chapter=052&verse=015>. 1999.