The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLeviticus 5:1
And if a soul sin…
The soul is put for the person, and
is particularly mentioned, as Ben Melech says, because possessed of
will and desire:
and hear the voice of swearing;
or cursing, or adjuration; not of
profane swearing, and taking the name of God in vain, but either of
false swearing, or perjury, as when a man hears another swear to a
thing which he knows is false; or else of adjuration, either the voice
of a magistrate or of a neighbour adjuring another, calling upon him
with an oath to bear testimony in such a case; this is what the Jews
F18 call the oath of testimony or witness, and which they say F19 is
binding in whatsoever language it is heard:
and is a witness;
is able to bear witness to the thing he is
whether he hath seen or known of it;
what he has seen with his
eyes, or knows by any means: of such a case, the Jews observe F20, that
there may be seeing without knowing, or knowing without seeing, and in
either case a man ought to bear witness:
if he do not utter it;
tell the truth, declare what he has seen or
then he shall bear his iniquity;
he shall be charged with sin, and
be obliged to acknowledge his offence, and bring a trespass offering
for it: it is said F21, that the witnesses are not guilty of the oath
of the testimony, but in these ten cases; if they are required; if the
testimony is concerning goods; if the goods are movable; if he that
requires binds himself to pay for their testimony only, in case they
bear witness; if they refuse after required; if they refuse in the
sanhedrim; if the adjuration or oath is made there by the name of God,
or his titles; if knowledge of the testimony goes before the oath; if
he particularizes his witnesses in the time of the oath, or at the time
of the requirement; and if the oath is in a language they understood.
F18 Misn. Sotah, c. 7. 1.
F19 Maimon. & Bartenora in ib. T. Bab. Sotah, fol. 33. 1.
F20 T. Bab. Shebuot, fol. 33. 2. & 34. 1.
F21 Maimon. Hilchot, Shebuot, c. 9. sect. 3.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 5:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=le&chapter=005&verse=001>. 1999.