The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMicah 4:4
But they shall sit every man under his vine, and under his fig
A proverbial phrase, expressive of the greatest
tranquillity, security, and enjoyment of property; see (1 Kings 4:25) ; when
persons need not keep within their walled towns and cities, and lack
themselves up in their houses, but may sit down in their gardens,
fields, and vineyards, and enjoy the fruit thereof; as the Targum
``under the fruit of his vine, and under, the fruit of his fig
It was usual for persons in the eastern countries to sit under vines
and fig trees to read, meditate, pray, or converse together, where they
grow very large, as were their vines; and even with us they are
frequently raised and carried over supporters, so as to be sat under;
and of fig trees, we frequently read in Jewish writings of their being
very large, and of their going up to them, and praying on the top of
them; and of sitting under them, and studying in the law there. So one of
the Rabbins says F16, he went up into his mustard tree, as one goes up
to the top of a fig tree; and it is said F17, he that prays on the top
of an olive tree, or on the top of a fig tree must come down, and pray
below; and again F18, R. Jacob and his companions were fasting,
studying in the law, under a certain fig tree; and sometimes they speak
of all these together, of sitting under olives, and under vines, and
under fig trees, and studying in the words of the law F19; see
(John 1:48) . This is to be understood, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi explain
it, of all men; not of the Israelites only, but of all nations, since
there will be no more war any where; hence it follows:
and none shall make [them] afraid;
the enemies of God's people will be
no more, neither Turk nor pope, eastern or western antichrist, beast
or, false prophet; wherefore, in those days of the Messiah, Judah shall
be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely, even all the spiritual Israel
of God, Jews and Gentiles; there shall be none to hurt in the holy
mountain of the Lord, or any violence and oppression, wasting and
destruction, anywhere; see (Jeremiah 23:5) (Isaiah 11:9) (60:18) ;
for the mouth of the Lord of hosts hath spoken [it];
who speaks nothing
but truth, and who is able and faithful to perform what he has spoken;
and therefore all this may be depended on.
F16 T. Hieros. Peah, c. 7. fol. 20. 2.
F17 T. Hieros. Beracot, c. 2. fol. 5. 1.
F18 Ib. col. 3.
F19 Shirhashirim Rabba, fol. 16. 4.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Micah 4:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mic&chapter=004&verse=004>. 1999.