At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn,
&c.] That is, the corn fields, as the other evangelists express it.
It being on a sabbath day, it is very probable, that Christ and his
disciples were going to some public place of worship, the way to
which lay through some fields of corn, which were now ripe: for Luke
says, it was on the "second sabbath after the first", or rather "the
first sabbath after the second"; that is, the first sabbath after
the second day of the passover, when the sheaf of the first fruit
was offered, and harvest was begun.
And his disciples were an hungered;
it being in the morning before
they had broke their fast; and this circumstance is mentioned to
show the reason of the following action, and to excuse it: at which
the Pharisees were so much offended, and of which they accused them,
as having done what was very criminal:
and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat;
Luke adds, "rubbing
them in their hands"; and so here in the Syriac, Arabic, and Persic
versions, it is rendered, "they began to rub": as they passed along,
they plucked off the ears of corn, either barley or wheat, and rubbed
them in their hands, to get the grain clear of the husk, or beard,
and eat them; contenting themselves with such mean and unprepared
food, when the Jews on that day fed on the best of dainties F5.
F5 Vid. Maimon. Hilch. Sabbat, c. 30. sect. 7, 8, 9, 10.