The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleRevelation 1:6
And hath made us kings and priests…
copy, and Complutensian edition, read, "a kingdom, priests"; and the
Vulgate Latin version, "a kingdom and priests"; and the Arabic version,
"a kingdom of priesthood"; reference seems to be had to (Exodus 19:6) :
"and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests"; which the Jerusalem
Targum renders, "ye shall be unto me", (Nynhkw Nyklm) , "kings and
priests"; and so the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel paraphrases it thus,
"and ye shall be before me", (Nyklm) , "kings" crowned with a crown,
(Nynhkw) , "and priests" ministering. Hence it is a common saying
with the Jews, that all Israelites are the sons of kings F15; and
sometimes their doctors are called (hrwt yklm) , "kings of the
law" F16: and they ascribe the same thing to the word of the Lord as is
here attributed to Jesus Christ: so the Targum of Jonathan on
(Deuteronomy 28:13) paraphrases the words;
``the word of the Lord shall appoint or constitute you
kings, and not private persons.''
Likewise they say F17
``that even a Gentile, if he studies in the law, is
(lwdg Nhkk) , "as an high priest".''
All which may serve to show to what the reference is had in the
text, and from whence the language is taken. But the words are used
in a higher and greater sense. The saints are made "kings" by
Christ; they are so now; they have received a kingdom of grace,
which cannot be taken away; and they have the power of kings over
sin, Satan, and the world, and all their enemies; and they live and
fare like kings, and are clothed like them, in rich apparel, the
righteousness of Christ; and are attended as kings, angels being
their lifeguards; and they will appear much more so hereafter, when
they shall reign on earth with Christ a thousand years, shall sit
upon the same throne, and have a crown of life and righteousness
given them, and at last be introduced into the kingdom of glory. And
they become such by being the sons of God, which power and privilege
they receive from Christ, and so are heirs of God, and joint heirs
with him, and by being united to him. And he also makes them
"priests" to offer up the spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise,
and those of a broken heart, and of a contrite spirit, and even
their souls and bodies, as a holy, living, and acceptable sacrifice
unto God, by anointing and sanctifying them by his Spirit: and they
are made such by him
to God, and his Father;
not to men, nor to angels. Now to him that
has shown so much love, and bestowed such high favours and honours,
is the following ascription made,
to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever, Amen.
The glory of
his deity, and of all his offices; of his being the faithful
witness, the first begotten of the dead, and the Prince of the kings
of the earth; and of all the benefits and blessings, favours and
honours, received from him by his people: and "dominion"; over all
creatures, and over all his saints, and especially in his kingdom,
in the last days, which will be an everlasting one; and which is
continually to be wished and prayed for, that it would come, and
come quickly. "Amen"; so let it be, and so it shall be.
F15 Misn. Sabbat, c. 14. sect. 9. T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 67. 1. & 111. 1.
& 128. 1. Raya Mehimna in Zohar in Lev. xii. 1.
F16 Shirhashirim Rabba, fol. 1. 2. Vid. Jarchium in. Psal. lxviii. 14.
F17 T. Bab. Bava Kama, fol. 38. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 1:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=re&chapter=001&verse=006>. 1999.