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Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible

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CHAPTER 18

      Pr 18:1-24.

      1. Through desire . . . seeketh--that is, seeks selfish gratification.
      intermeddleth . . . wisdom--or, "rushes on" (Pr 17:14) against all wisdom, or what is valuable (Pr 2:7).

      2. that his heart . . . itself--that is, takes pleasure in revealing his folly (Pr 12:23; 15:2).

      3. So surely are sin and punishment connected (Pr 16:4).
      wicked, for "wickedness," answers to
      ignominy, or the state of such; and
      contempt, the feeling of others to them; and to
      reproach, a manifestation of contempt.

      4. Wise speech is like an exhaustless stream of benefit.

      5. accept the person--(Compare Ps 82:2). "It is not good" is to be supplied before "to overthrow."

      6, 7. The quarrelsome bring trouble on themselves. Their rash language ensnares them (Pr 6:2).

      8. (Compare Pr 16:28).
      as wounds--not sustained by the Hebrew; better, as "sweet morsels," which men gladly swallow.
      innermost . . . belly--the mind, or heart (compare Pr 20:27-30; Ps 22:14).

      9. One by failing to get, the other by wasting wealth, grows poor.
      waster--literally, "master of washing," a prodigal.

      10. name of the Lord--manifested perfections (Ps 8:1; 20:2), as faithfulness, power, mercy, &c., on which men rely.
      is safe--literally, "set on high, out of danger" (Ps 18:2; 91:4).

      11. contrasts with Pr 18:10 (compare Pr 10:15). Such is a vain trust (compare Ps 73:6).

      12. (Compare Pr 15:33; 16:18).

      13. Hasty speech evinces self-conceit, and ensures shame (Pr 26:12).

      14. infirmity--bodily sickness, or outward evil. The spirit, which sustains, being wounded, no support is left, except, as implied, in God.

      15. (Compare Pr 1:5, 15, 31).

      16. (Compare Pr 17:8, 23). Disapproval of the fact stated is implied.

      17. One-sided statements are not reliable.
      searcheth--thoroughly (Pr 17:9, 19).

      18. The lot--whose disposal is of God (Pr 16:13), may, properly used, be a right mode of settling disputes.

      19. No feuds so difficult of adjustment as those of relatives; hence great care should be used to avoid them.

      20. (Compare Pr 12:14; 13:2). Men's words are the fruit, or, increase of his lips, and when good, benefit them.
      satisfied with--(Compare Pr 1:31; 14:14).

      21. Death and life--or, the greatest evil and good.
      that love it--that is, the tongue, or its use for good or evil.
      eat . . . fruit--(Compare Pr 18:19; Jas 1:19).

      22. The old versions supply "good" before the "wife," as the last clause and Pr 19:14 imply (compare Pr 31:10).

      23. the rich . . . roughly--He is tolerated because rich, implying that the estimate of men by wealth is wrong.

      24. A man . . . friendly--better, "A man . . . (is) to, or, may triumph (Ps 108:9), or, shout for joy (Ps 5:11), that is, may congratulate himself." Indeed, there is a Friend who is better than a brother; such is the "Friend of sinners" [Mt 11:19; Lu 7:34], who may have been before the writer's mind.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.

This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Proverbs 18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/jfb/view.cgi?book=pr&chapter=018>. 1871.  

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