Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
This is the first of fifteen Psalms (Psalms 120-134) entitled "A Song
--literally, "A song for the degrees"), or ascents. It
seems most probable they were designed for the use of the people when
going up (compare
1Ki 12:27, 28)
to Jerusalem on the festival occasions
three times a year. David appears as the author of four, Solomon of one
and the other ten are anonymous, probably composed after the captivity.
In this Psalm the writer acknowledges God's mercy, prays for relief
from a malicious foe, whose punishment he anticipates, and then repeats
2, 3. Slander and deceit charged on his foes implies his innocence.
Ps 52:2, 4.
4. Sharp arrows of the mighty--destructive inflictions.
coals of juniper--which retain heat long. This verse may be read as a
description of the wicked, but better as their punishment, in reply to
the question of
5. A residence in these remote lands pictures his miserable condition.
6, 7. While those who surrounded him were maliciously hostile, he was
disposed to peace. This Psalm may well begin such a series as this, as a
contrast to the promised joys of God's worship.