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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

Luke 12:1

In the meantime (en oiv).
It is a classic idiom to start a sentence or even a paragraph as here with a relative, "in which things or circumstances," without any expressed antecedent other than the incidents in 11:53. In 12:3 Luke actually begins the sentence with two relatives ant' wn osa (wherefore whatsoever).

Many thousands (muriadwn).
Genitive absolute with episunaxteiswn (first aorist passive participle feminine plural because of muriadwn), a double compound late verb, episunagw, to gather together unto. The word "myriads" is probably hyperbolical as in Acts 21:20, but in the sense of ten thousand, as in Acts 19:19, it means a very large crowd apparently drawn together by the violent attacks of the rabbis against Jesus.

Insomuch that they trode one upon another (wste katapatein allhlouv).
The imagination must complete the picture of this jam.

Unto his disciples first of all (prov touv mathtav autou prwton).
This long discourse in Luke 12:1ff. is really a series of separate talks to various groups in the vast crowds around Jesus. This particular talk goes through verse 12.

Beware of (prosexete eautoiv apo).
Put your mind (noun understood) for yourselves (dative) and avoid (apo with the ablative).

The leaven of the Pharisees which is hypocrisy (thv zumhv htiv estin upoxrisiv twn Parisaiwn).
In Mark 8:15 Jesus had coupled the lesson of the Pharisees with that of Herod, in Matthew 16:6 with that of the Sadducees also. He had long ago called the Pharisees hypocrites (Matthew 6:2,5,16). The occasion was ripe here for this crisp saying. In Matthew 13:33 leaven does not have an evil sense as here, which see. See Matthew 23:13 for hypocrites. Hypocrisy was the leading Pharisaic vice (Bruce) and was a mark of sanctity to hide an evil heart.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 12:1". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/rwp/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=012&verse=001>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.