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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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 Verse 16
Chapter 2
Verse 18
Chapter 4

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1 John 3:17

Whoso hath (ov an exhi).
Indefinite relative clause with modal an with ov and the present active subjunctive of exw.

The world's goods (ton bion tou kosmou).
"The living or livelihood (not zwh, the principle of life, and see 2:16 for biov) of the world" (not in the sense of evil or wicked, but simply this mundane sphere).

Beholdeth (tewrei).
Present active subjunctive of tewrew, like exei just before.

In need (xreian exonta).
"Having need" (present active predicate participle of exw, agreeing with adelpon). See the vivid picture of a like case in James 2:15.

Shutteth up (kleishi).
First aorist (effective) active subjunctive of kleiw, to close like the door, changed on purpose from present tense to aorist (graphic slamming the door of his compassion, splagxna, common in LXX and N.T. for the nobler viscera, the seat of the emotions, as in Philippians 2:11; Colossians 3:12). Only here in John.

How (pwv).
Rhetorical question like that in James 2:16 (what is the use?). It is practical, not speculative, that counts in the hour of need.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 John 3:17". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.


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