Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament1 John 4:18
- Fear (pobov).
- Like a bond-slave (Romans 8:15), not the reverence of a son (eulabeia, Hebrews 5:7) or the obedience to a father (en pobwi, 1 Peter 1:17). This kind of dread is the opposite of parrhsia (boldness).
- Perfect love (h teleia agaph).
- There is such a thing, perfect because it has been perfected (verses 12,17). Cf. James 1:4.
- Casteth out fear (exw ballei ton pobon).
- "Drives fear out" so that it does not exist in real love. See ekballw exw in John 6:37; 9:34; 12:31; 15:6 to turn out-of-doors, a powerful metaphor. Perfect love harbours no suspicion and no dread (1Co 13).
- Hath punishment (kolasin exei).
- Old word, in N.T. only here and Matthew 25:46. Timwria has only the idea of penalty, kolasiv has also that of discipline, while paideia has that of chastisement (Hebrews 12:7). The one who still dreads (poboumenov) has not been made perfect in love (ou teteleiwtai). Bengel graphically describes different types of men: "sine timore et amore; cum timore sine amore; cum timore et amore; sine timore cum amore."