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Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament

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 Verse 17
Chapter 3
Verse 19
Chapter 5

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1 John 4:18

Fear (pobov).
Like a bond-slave (Romans 8:15), not the reverence of a son (eulabeia, Hebrews 5:7) or the obedience to a father (en pobwi, 1 Peter 1:17). This kind of dread is the opposite of parrhsia (boldness).

Perfect love (h teleia agaph).
There is such a thing, perfect because it has been perfected (verses 12,17). Cf. James 1:4.

Casteth out fear (exw ballei ton pobon).
"Drives fear out" so that it does not exist in real love. See ekballw exw in John 6:37; 9:34; 12:31; 15:6 to turn out-of-doors, a powerful metaphor. Perfect love harbours no suspicion and no dread (1Co 13).

Hath punishment (kolasin exei).
Old word, in N.T. only here and Matthew 25:46. Timwria has only the idea of penalty, kolasiv has also that of discipline, while paideia has that of chastisement (Hebrews 12:7). The one who still dreads (poboumenov) has not been made perfect in love (ou teteleiwtai). Bengel graphically describes different types of men: "sine timore et amore; cum timore sine amore; cum timore et amore; sine timore cum amore."


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 John 4:18". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". <>. Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960.


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