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Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)

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Chapter 19

19:1  And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:

Salvation (See Scofield "Romans 1:16") .

19:4  And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.


living creatures. (See Scofield "Ezekiel 1:5") .

19:7  Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.


The "Lamb's wife" here is the "bride" Revelation 21:9 the Church, identified with the "heavenly Jerusalem" Hebrews 12:22,23 and to be distinguished from Israel, the adulterous and repudiated "wife" of Jehovah, yet to be restored ; Isaiah 54:1-10; Hosea 2:1-17 who is identified with the earth Hosea 2:23. A forgiven and restored wife could not be called either a virgin 2 Corinthians 11:2,3 or a bride.

19:8  And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.


The garment is Scripture is a symbol of righteousness. In the bad ethical sense it symbolizes self-righteousness (e.g) Isaiah 64:6; Philippians 3:6-8 the best that a moral and religious man under law could do). In the good ethical sense the garment symbolizes "the righteousness of God. . .upon all them that believe."

(See Scofield "Romans 3:21") .

19:11  And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

saw heaven opened

saw heaven opened

The vision is of the departure from heaven of Christ and the saints and angels preparatory to the catastrophe in which Gentile world-power, headed up in the Beast, is smitten by the "stone cut out without hands," Daniel 2:34,35.

white horse Contra, Revelation 6:2; Psalms 45:4, contra, Matthew 21:2-5

Day of the Lord (Day of Jehovah) vs. Isaiah 2:10-22; 4:1-6 ; 11:10-13; 13:9-16 ; 24:21-23; 26:20,2163:1-6; 66:15-24; Revelation 19:11-21.

19:17  And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;


Armageddon (the ancient hill and valley of Megiddo, west of Jordan in the plain of Jezreel) is the appointed place for the beginning of the great battle in which the Lord, at His coming in glory, will deliver the Jewish remnant besieged by the Gentile world- powers under the Beast and False Prophet Revelation 16:13-16; Zechariah 12:1-9. Apparently the besieging hosts, whose approach to Jerusalem is described in Isaiah 10:28-32 alarmed by the signs which precede the Lord's coming Matthew 24:29,30 have fallen back to Megiddo, after the events of Zechariah 14:2 where their destruction begins; a destruction consummated in Moab and the plains of Idumea Isaiah 63:1-6. This battle is the first event in "the day of Jehovah" Isaiah 2:12 and is the fulfilment of the smiting-stone prophecy of Daniel 2:35.

19:19  And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.

make war

The day of Jehovah (called, also, "that day," and "the great day") is that lengthened period of time beginning with the return of the Lord in glory, and ending with the purgation of the heavens and the earth by fire preparatory to the new heavens and the new earth Isaiah 65:17-19; Isaiah 66:22; 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1. The order of events appears to be:

(1) The return of the Lord in glory Matthew 24:29,30

(2) the destruction of the Beast and his host, "the kings of the earth and their armies," and the false prophet, which is the "great and terrible" aspect of the day Revelation 19:11-21.

(3) the judgment of the nations Zechariah 14:1-9; Matthew 25:31-46.

(4) the thousand years, i.e, the kingdom-age Revelation 20:4-6.

(5) the Satanic revolt and its end Revelation 20:7-10.

(6) the second resurrection and final judgment Revelation 20:11-15 and

(7) the "day of God," earth purged by fire 2 Peter 3:10-13.

The day of the Lord is preceded by seven signs:

(1) The sending of Elijah Malachi 4:5; Revelation 11:3-6

(2) cosmical disturbances Joel 2:1-12; Matthew 24:29; Acts 2:19,20; Revelation 6:12-17

(3) the insensibility of the professing church 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3

(4) the apostasy of the professing church, then become "Laodicea" 2 Thessalonians 2:3

(5) the rapture of the true church 1 Thessalonians 4:17.

(6) the manifestation of the "man of sin," the Beast 2 Thessalonians 2:1-8

(7) the apocalyptic judgments (Rev. 11.-18.).

make war Armageddon (battle of). See note, Revelation 16:14; 19:17 (See Scofield "Revelation 19:17")

19:20  And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.


The Beast, Summary: This "Beast" is the "little horn" of Daniel 7:24-26 and "desolator" of Daniel 9:27 the "abomination of desolation" of Matthew 24:15 the "man of sin" of 2 Thessalonians 2:4-8 earth's last and most awful tyrant, Satan's fell instrument of wrath and hatred against God and the Jewish saints. He is, perhaps, identical with the rider on the white horse of Revelation 6:2 who begins by the peaceful conquest of three of the ten kingdoms into which the former Roman empire will then be divided, but who soon establishes the ecclesiastical and governmental tyranny described in Dan. 7., 9., 11.; Re 13. To him Satan gives the power which he offered to Christ. ; Matthew 4:8,9; Revelation 13:4. See "The great tribulation," Psalms 2:5.

(See Scofield "Revelation 7:14") .

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 19". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". <>. 1917.  


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