John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible

Chapter 34

Chapter Overview

A charge against the shepherds of Israel, verse 1-6.
Their dismission from their trust, verse 7-10.
A promise, that God would take care of his flock, verse 11-16.
Another charge against the strong of the flock, for their injuring the weak, verse 17-22.
A promise of the Messiah, the great and good shepherd, verse 23-31.

Verse 2
The shepherds - The rulers of the people kings, magistrates, and princes; as also priests, and prophets. Of Israel - The two tribes, and the few out of the ten that adhere to the house of David. That feed - Contrive their own ease, advantage, and honour.

Verse 3
Ye kill - You contrive methods, to take first the life, and next the estate of the well-fed, the rich and wealthy. But - You take care to lead, protect, provide for, and watch over them.

Verse 4
The diseased - The weak and languishing. Bound up - Oppressors in the state, or church, broke many then, but these shepherds bound them not up.

Verse 5
No shepherd - No vigilant, faithful shepherd. Became meat - Were made a prey of, and devoured by all their neighbours.

Verse 12
In the cloudy and dark day - In the time of general distress.

Verse 16
The fat - The powerful and rich. I will feed - I will judge and punish them.

Verse 17
I judge - Between men and men, between the smaller and weaker, and the greater and stronger, as their different state requires I will do. The rams - Rulers, who also shalt be dealt with according to their behaviour.

Verse 18
But ye must tread down - You great ones, eat the fat, and sweet; and what you cannot eat, you waste and spoil. The deep waters - Which are sufficient for all.

Verse 20
I will judge - I will vindicate the poor. The fat cattle - The rich. The lean - The poor.

Verse 23
One shepherd - Christ, the great good, chief, only shepherd, that laid down his life for his sheep. My servant David - The seed of David, the beloved one, who was typified by David, and is in other places called by his name, as Jeremiah 30:9; Ezekiel 37:24; Hosea 3:5. He shall feed - Do all the office of a good and faithful shepherd, and that for ever.

Verse 24
My servant - Christ was in this great work his fathers servant, Isaiah 42:1.

Verse 25
A covenant - A covenant of promises, which contain, and shall bring peace, that is all good.

Verse 26
Them - My returned captives, The places - All the country. My hill - Jerusalem.

Verse 29
A plant - The Messiah. The shame - The reproach.

Verse 30
Their God - By covenant, from their forefathers. Am with them - Present with them, and reconciled to them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 34". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
on the Whole Bible". <>. 1765.