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 1 Kings 1
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 1 KingsClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    1:1-53 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

David in Old Age

1 Now King David was old, advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm. 2 So his servants said to him, "Let them seek a young virgin for my lord the king, and let her attend F1 the king and become his nurse; and let her lie in your bosom, that my lord the king may keep warm." 3 So they searched for a beautiful girl throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite, R1 and brought her to the king. 4 The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king's nurse and served him, but the king did not cohabit F2 with her.

5 Now Adonijah R2 the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, "I will be king." So he R3 prepared for himself chariots and horsemen with fifty men to run before him. 6 His father had never crossed F3 him at any time by asking, "Why have you done so?" And he was also a very handsome man, and he R4 F4 was born after Absalom. 7 He F5 had conferred with Joab R5 the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar R6 the priest; and following Adonijah R7 they helped him. 8 But Zadok R8 the priest, Benaiah R9 the son of Jehoiada, Nathan R10 the prophet, Shimei, R11 Rei, and the R12 mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

9 Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fatlings by the stone F6 of Zoheleth, which is beside En-rogel; R13 and he invited all his brothers, the king's sons, and all the men of Judah, the king's servants. 10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the mighty men, and Solomon R14 his brother.

Nathan and Bathsheba

11 Then Nathan spoke to Bathsheba R15 the mother of Solomon, saying, "Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, and David our lord does not know it? 12 "So now come, please let me give R16 you counsel and save your life and the life of your son Solomon. 13 "Go at F7 once to King David and say to him, `Have you not, my lord, O king, sworn to your maidservant, saying, "Surely R17 Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne"? Why then has Adonijah become king?' 14 "Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words."

15 So Bathsheba went in to the king in the bedroom. Now the R18 king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering to the king. 16 Then Bathsheba bowed and prostrated herself before F8 the king. And the king said, "What do F9 you wish?" 17 She said to him, "My lord, you swore to your maidservant by the LORD your God, saying, `Surely R19 your son Solomon shall be king after me and he shall sit on my throne.' 18 "Now, behold, Adonijah is king; and now, my lord the king, you do not know it. 19 "He R20 has sacrificed oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king and Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant. 20 "As for you now, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21 "Otherwise it will come about, as R21 soon as my lord the king sleeps with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be considered offenders." F10

22 Behold, while she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in. 23 They told the king, saying, "Here is Nathan the prophet." And when he came in before the king, he prostrated himself before F11 the king with his face to the ground. 24 Then Nathan said, "My lord the king, have you said, `Adonijah shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne'? 25 "For R22 he has gone down today and has sacrificed oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king's sons and the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest, and behold, they are eating and drinking before him; and they say, `Long R23 live King Adonijah!' 26 "But R24 me, even me your servant, and Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and your servant Solomon, he has not invited. 27 "Has this thing been done by my lord the king, and you have not shown to your servants F12 who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?"

28 Then King David said, "Call Bathsheba to me." And she came into the king's presence and stood before the king. 29 The king vowed and said, "As R25 the LORD lives, who has redeemed my life from all distress, 30 surely as I R26 vowed to you by the LORD the God of Israel, saying, `Your son Solomon shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place'; I will indeed do so this day." 31 Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the ground, and prostrated herself before F13 the king and said, "May R27 my lord King David live forever."

32 Then King David said, "Call to me Zadok R28 the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada." And they came into the king's presence. 33 The king said to them, "Take with you the R29 servants of your lord, and have my son Solomon ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon. R30 34 "Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint R31 him there as king over Israel, and blow R32 the trumpet and say, `Long R33 live King Solomon!' 35 "Then you shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne and be king in my place; for I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah." 36 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, "Amen! Thus may the LORD, the God of my lord the king, say. 37 "As R34 the LORD has been with my lord the king, so may He be with Solomon, and make R35 his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David!"

Solomon Anointed King

38 So Zadok R36 the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the R37 Cherethites, and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David's mule, and brought him to Gihon. R38 39 Zadok the priest then took R39 the horn of oil from the tent and anointed R40 Solomon. Then they blew R41 the trumpet, and all the people said, "Long R42 live King Solomon!" 40 All the people went up after him, and the people were F14 playing on flutes and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth shook F15 at their noise.

41 Now Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished eating. When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, "Why is F16 the city making such an uproar?" 42 While he was still speaking, behold, Jonathan R43 the son of Abiathar the priest came. Then Adonijah said, "Come in, for you R44 are a valiant man and bring good news." 43 But Jonathan replied to Adonijah, "No! Our lord King David has made Solomon king. 44 "The king has also sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites; and they have made him ride on the king's mule. 45 "Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon, and they have come up from there rejoicing, so R45 that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise which you have heard. 46 "Besides, Solomon R46 has even taken his seat on the throne of the kingdom. 47 "Moreover, the king's servants came to bless our lord King David, saying, `May your R47 God make the name of Solomon better than your name and his throne greater than your throne!' And the R48 king bowed himself on the bed. 48 "The king has also said thus, `Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, who has R49 granted one to sit on my throne today while my own eyes see it."'

49 Then all the guests of Adonijah were terrified; and they arose and each went on his way. 50 And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took R50 hold of the horns of the altar. 51 Now it was told Solomon, saying, "Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, for behold, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, `Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.' " 52 Solomon said, "If he is a worthy man, not R51 one of his hairs will fall to the ground; but if wickedness is found in him, he will die." 53 So King Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and prostrated himself before F17 King Solomon, and Solomon said to him, "Go to your house."

F1: Lit stand before
F2: Lit know her
F3: Lit pained him
F4: Lit she gave him birth
F5: Lit his words were
F6: Or Gliding or Serpent Stone
F7: Lit and enter
F8: Lit to
F9: Lit to you
F10: Lit sinners
F11: Lit to
F12: Some mss read servant
F13: Lit to
F14: Lit fluting
F15: Lit was split
F16: Lit is the sound of the city an uproar
F17: Lit to

R1: Joshua 19:18; 1 Samuel 28:4
R2: 2 Samuel 3:4
R3: 2 Samuel 15:1
R4: 2 Samuel 3:3,4
R5: 1 Chronicles 11:6
R6: 1 Samuel 22:20,23; 2 Samuel 20:25
R7: 1 Kings 2:22
R8: 2 Samuel 20:25; 1 Chronicles 16:39
R9: 2 Samuel 8:18
R10: 2 Samuel 12:1
R11: 1 Kings 4:18
R12: 2 Samuel 23:8-39
R13: Joshua 15:7; 18:16; 2 Samuel 17:17
R14: 2 Samuel 12:24
R15: 2 Samuel 12:24
R16: Proverbs 15:22
R17: 1 Kings 1:30; 1 Chronicles 22:9-13
R18: 1 Kings 1:1
R19: 1 Kings 1:13
R20: 1 Kings 1:9
R21: Deuteronomy 31:16; 2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Kings 2:10
R22: 1 Kings 1:9
R23: 1 Samuel 10:24
R24: 1 Kings 1:8,10
R25: 2 Samuel 4:9
R26: 1 Kings 1:13,17
R27: Daniel 2:4; 3:9
R28: 1 Kings 1:8
R29: 2 Samuel 20:6,7
R30: 2 Chronicles 32:30; 33:14
R31: 1 Samuel 10:1; 16:3,12; 2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Kings 19:16; 2 Kings 9:3
R32: 2 Samuel 15:10
R33: 1 Kings 1:25
R34: Joshua 1:5,17; 1 Samuel 20:13
R35: 1 Kings 1:47
R36: 1 Kings 1:8
R37: 2 Samuel 8:18
R38: 1 Kings 1:33
R39: Exodus 30:23-32; Psalms 89:20
R40: 1 Chronicles 29:22
R41: 1 Kings 1:34
R42: 1 Samuel 10:24
R43: 2 Samuel 15:27,36; 17:17
R44: 2 Samuel 18:27
R45: 1 Kings 1:40
R46: 1 Chronicles 29:23
R47: 1 Kings 1:37
R48: Genesis 47:31
R49: 2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Kings 3:6
R50: Exodus 27:2; 30:10; 1 Kings 2:28
R51: 1 Samuel 14:45; 2 Samuel 14:11; Acts 27:34


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