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Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 1 Samuel 18
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of 1 SamuelClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    18:1-30 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Jonathan and David

1 Now it came about when he had finished speaking to Saul, that the R613 soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan R614 loved him as himself. 2 Saul took him that day and did R615 not let him return to his father's house. 3 Then Jonathan R616 made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4 Jonathan R617 stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, including his sword and his bow and his belt. 5 So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and prospered; F177 and Saul set him over the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants.

6 It happened as they were coming, when David returned from killing the Philistine, that the R618 women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with musical F178 instruments. 7 The women sang R619 as they played, F179 and said, "Saul R620 has slain his thousands, And R621 David his ten thousands." 8 Then Saul became very angry, for this saying displeased F180 him; and he said, "They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed thousands. Now what R622 more can he have but the kingdom?" 9 Saul looked at David with suspicion from that day on.

Saul Turns against David

10 Now it came about on the next day that an R623 evil spirit from God came mightily upon Saul, and he R624 raved in the midst of the house, while David was playing the harp with his hand, as R625 F181 usual; and a R626 F182 spear was in Saul's hand. 11 Saul R627 hurled the spear for he thought, "I will pin F183 David to the wall." But David escaped F184 from his presence twice.

12 Now Saul R628 was afraid of David, for R629 the LORD was with him but had R630 departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from his F185 presence and appointed him as his commander of a thousand; and he R631 went out and came in before the people. 14 David was prospering F186 in all his ways for the R632 LORD was with him. 15 When Saul saw that he was prospering F187 greatly, he dreaded him. 16 But all R633 Israel and Judah loved David, and he went out and came in before them.

17 Then Saul said to David, "Here R634 is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife, only be a valiant man for me and fight the R635 LORD'S battles." For Saul thought, "My hand shall not be against him, but let R636 the hand of the Philistines be against him." 18 But David said to Saul, "Who R637 am I, and what is my life or my father's family in Israel, that I should be the king's son-in-law?" 19 So it came about at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel R638 the R639 Meholathite for a wife.

David Marries Saul's Daughter

20 Now Michal, R640 Saul's daughter, loved David. When they told Saul, the thing was agreeable to F188 him. 21 Saul thought, "I will give her to him that she may become a snare to him, and that R641 the hand of the Philistines may be against him." Therefore Saul said to David, "For R642 a second time you may be my son-in-law today." 22 Then Saul commanded his servants, "Speak to David secretly, saying, `Behold, the king delights in you, and all his servants love you; now therefore, become the king's son-in-law.' " 23 So Saul's servants spoke these words to F189 David. But David said, "Is it trivial in your sight to become the king's son-in-law, since R643 I am a poor man and lightly esteemed?" 24 The servants of Saul reported to him according F190 to these words which David spoke. 25 Saul then said, "Thus you shall say to David, `The king does not desire any dowry R644 except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to R645 take vengeance on the king's enemies.' " Now Saul R646 planned to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26 When his servants told David these words, it F191 pleased David to become the king's son-in-law. Before R647 F192 the days had expired 27 David rose up and went, he R648 and his men, and struck down two hundred men among the Philistines. Then David R649 brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife. 28 When Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that Michal, Saul's daughter, loved him, 29 then Saul was even more afraid of David. Thus Saul was David's enemy continually.

30 Then the commanders of the Philistines went R650 out to battle, and it happened as often as they went out, that David behaved R651 himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul. So his name was highly esteemed.

F177: Or acted wisely
F178: I.e. triangles; or three-stringed instruments
F179: Or danced
F180: Lit was evil in his eyes
F181: Lit day by day
F182: Lit the
F183: Lit strike David and the wall
F184: Lit turned about
F185: Lit with him
F186: Or acting wisely
F187: Or acting very wisely
F188: Lit in his sight
F189: Lit in the ears of
F190: Lit by saying according
F191: Lit it was agreeable in the sight of
F192: Lit And the days had not expired

R613: Genesis 44:30
R614: Deuteronomy 13:6; 1 Samuel 20:17; 2 Samuel 1:26
R615: 1 Samuel 17:15
R616: 1 Samuel 20:8-17
R617: Genesis 41:42; 1 Samuel 17:38; Esther 6:8
R618: Exodus 15:20,21; Judges 11:34; Psalms 68:25; 149:3
R619: Exodus 15:21; 1 Samuel 21:11; 29:5
R620: 1 Samuel 21:11
R621: 2 Samuel 18:3
R622: 1 Samuel 15:28
R623: 1 Samuel 16:14
R624: 1 Samuel 19:23,24
R625: 1 Samuel 16:23
R626: 1 Samuel 19:9
R627: 1 Samuel 19:10; 20:33
R628: 1 Samuel 18:15,29
R629: 1 Samuel 16:13,18
R630: 1 Samuel 16:14; 28:15
R631: Numbers 27:17; 1 Samuel 18:16; 2 Samuel 5:2
R632: Genesis 39:2,3,23; Joshua 6:27; 1 Samuel 16:18
R633: 1 Samuel 18:5
R634: 1 Samuel 17:25
R635: Numbers 21:14; 1 Samuel 17:36,47; 25:28
R636: 1 Samuel 18:21,25
R637: 1 Samuel 9:21; 18:23; 2 Samuel 7:18
R638: 2 Samuel 21:8
R639: Judges 7:22; 1 Kings 19:16
R640: 1 Samuel 18:28
R641: 1 Samuel 18:17
R642: 1 Samuel 18:26
R643: Genesis 29:20; 34:12
R644: Genesis 34:12; Exodus 22:17
R645: 1 Samuel 14:24
R646: 1 Samuel 18:17
R647: 1 Samuel 18:21
R648: 1 Samuel 18:17
R649: 2 Samuel 3:14
R650: 2 Samuel 11:1
R651: 1 Samuel 18:5


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