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 Esther 9
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of EstherClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    9:1-32 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Jews Destroy Their Enemies

1 Now in R144 the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on the R145 thirteenth day F69 when R146 the king's command and edict were F70 about to be executed, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it was turned to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained the mastery over those who hated them. 2 The R147 Jews assembled in their cities throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus to lay hands on those who sought their harm; and no one could stand before them, for R148 the dread of them had fallen on all the peoples. 3 Even all the princes of the provinces, the R149 satraps, the governors and those who were doing the king's business assisted F71 the Jews, because the dread of Mordecai had fallen on them. 4 Indeed, Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame spread throughout all the provinces; for the man Mordecai became R150 greater and greater. 5 Thus the R151 Jews struck all their enemies with the F72 sword, killing and destroying; and they did what they pleased to those who hated them. 6 At the citadel in Susa the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men, 7 and Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha, 8 Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha, 9 Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha, 10 the R152 ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews' enemy; but they R153 did not lay their hands on the plunder.

11 On that day the number of those who were killed at the citadel in Susa was F73 reported to the king. 12 The king said to Queen Esther, "The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men and the ten sons of Haman at the citadel in Susa. What then have they done in the rest of the king's provinces! Now R154 what is your petition? It shall even be granted you. And what is your further request? It shall also be done." 13 Then said Esther, "If it pleases the king, let R155 tomorrow also be granted to the Jews who are in Susa to do according to the edict of today; and let Haman's ten sons be hanged on the gallows." 14 So the king commanded that it should be done so; and an edict was issued in Susa, and Haman's ten sons were hanged. 15 The Jews who were in Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day of the month Adar and killed three R156 hundred men in Susa, but they R157 did not lay their hands on the plunder.

16 Now the R158 rest of the Jews who were in the king's provinces assembled, R159 to defend their lives and rid F74 themselves of their enemies, and kill 75,000 of those who hated them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder. 17 This was done on the R160 thirteenth day of the month Adar, and on R161 the fourteenth day F75 they rested and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

18 But the Jews who were in Susa assembled R162 on the thirteenth and the R163 fourteenth of F76 the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth day F76 and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing. 19 Therefore the Jews of the rural areas, who live in the R164 rural towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar a holiday R165 F77 for rejoicing and feasting and sending R166 portions of food to one another.

The Feast of Purim Instituted

20 Then Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far, 21 obliging them to celebrate the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of F78 the same month, annually, 22 because on those days the Jews rid F79 themselves of their enemies, and it was a month which was turned R167 for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday; F80 that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and sending R168 portions of food to one another and gifts to the poor.

23 Thus the Jews undertook what they had started to do, and what Mordecai had written to them. 24 For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and had R169 cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them. 25 But when R170 it came to F81 the king's attention, he commanded by letter that R171 his wicked scheme which he had devised F82 against the Jews, should R172 return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows. F83 26 Therefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. And F84 because R173 of the instructions in this letter, both what they had seen in this regard and what had happened to them, 27 the Jews established and made F85 a custom for themselves and for their descendants F86 and for all R174 those who allied themselves with them, so that they F87 would not fail to R175 celebrate these two days according to their regulation F88 and according to their appointed time annually. 28 So these days were to be remembered and celebrated throughout every generation, every family, every province and every city; and these days of Purim were not to fail F89 from among the Jews, or their memory fade F90 from their descendants. F91

29 Then Queen Esther, daughter R176 of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm this R177 second letter about Purim. 30 He sent letters to all the Jews, to R178 the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, namely, words of peace and truth, 31 to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants F92 with instructions F93 for R179 their times of fasting and their lamentations. 32 The command of Esther established these customs F94 for Purim, R180 and it was written in the book.


FOOTNOTES:
F69: Lit day in it
F70: Lit drew near
F71: Lit lifted up
F72: Lit the stroke of
F73: Lit came
F74: Lit have rest from
F75: Lit in it
F76: Lit in it
F76: Lit in it
F77: Lit rejoicing and feasting and a good day and sending
F78: Lit in it
F79: Lit had rest from
F80: Lit good day
F81: Lit before the king, he
F82: Lit schemed
F83: Lit tree
F84: Lit Therefore because of all the words
F85: Lit received
F86: Lit seed
F87: Lit it should not pass away
F88: Lit writing
F89: Lit pass away
F90: Lit end
F91: Lit seed
F92: Lit seed
F93: Lit words
F94: Lit words

CROSS REFERENCES:
R144: Esther 8:12
R145: Esther 9:17
R146: Esther 3:13
R147: Esther 8:11; 9:15-18
R148: Esther 8:17
R149: Ezra 8:36
R150: 2 Samuel 3:1; 1 Chronicles 11:9
R151: Esther 3:13
R152: Esther 5:11
R153: Esther 8:11
R154: Esther 5:6; 7:2
R155: Esther 8:11; 9:15
R156: Esther 9:12
R157: Esther 9:10
R158: Esther 9:2
R159: Leviticus 26:7,8; Esther 8:11
R160: Esther 9:1
R161: Esther 9:21
R162: Esther 8:11; 9:2
R163: Esther 9:21
R164: Deuteronomy 3:5; Zechariah 2:4
R165: Esther 9:22
R166: Nehemiah 8:10
R167: Psalms 30:11
R168: Nehemiah 8:12
R169: Esther 3:7
R170: Esther 7:4-10
R171: Esther 3:6-15
R172: Psalms 7:16
R173: Esther 9:20
R174: Esther 8:17
R175: Esther 9:20,21
R176: Esther 2:15
R177: Esther 9:20,21
R178: Esther 1:1
R179: Esther 4:3
R180: Esther 9:26

 
 

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Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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