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 Ezekiel 1
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of EzekielClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    1:1-28 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Vision of Four Figures

1 Now it came about in the thirtieth year, on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was by the river R1 Chebar among the exiles, the heavens R2 were opened and I saw visions R3 F1 of God. 2 (On the fifth of the month in F2 the fifth R4 year of King Jehoiachin's exile, 3 the word R5 of the LORD came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, son of Buzi, in the land R6 of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and there the R7 hand of the LORD came upon him.)

4 As I looked, behold, a storm R8 wind was coming from the north, a great cloud with fire flashing forth continually and a bright light around it, and in its midst something like glowing R9 metal in the midst of the fire. 5 Within it there were figures resembling four R10 living beings. And this was their appearance: they had human form. R11 6 Each of them had four R12 faces and four R13 wings. 7 Their legs were straight and their F3 feet were like a calf's hoof, and they gleamed like burnished R14 bronze. 8 Under their wings on their four R15 sides were human hands. R16 As for the faces and wings of the four of them, 9 their wings touched one another; their faces did not R17 turn when they moved, each went R18 straight forward. 10 As for the form R19 of their faces, each had the face R20 of a man; all F4 four had the face of a lion on the right and the face of a bull on the left, and all F4 four had the face of an eagle. 11 Such were their faces. Their wings were spread out above; each had two touching another being, and two R21 covering their bodies. 12 And each R22 went straight forward; wherever R23 the spirit was about to go, they would go, without turning as they went. 13 In F5 the midst of the living beings there was something that looked like burning coals of fire, R24 like F6 torches darting back and forth among the living beings. The fire was bright, and lightning was flashing F7 from the fire. 14 And the living beings ran R25 to and fro like bolts of lightning. R26

15 Now as I looked at the living beings, behold, there was one wheel R27 on the earth beside the living beings, for F8 each of the four of them. 16 The appearance R28 of the wheels and their workmanship was like sparkling F9 beryl, R29 and all four of them had the same form, their appearance and workmanship being as if one F10 wheel were within another. 17 Whenever they moved, F11 they moved F11 in any of their four directions F12 without turning R30 as they moved. F11 18 As for their rims they were lofty and awesome, and the rims of all four of them were full R31 of eyes round about. 19 Whenever R32 the living beings moved, F13 the wheels moved F13 with them. And whenever the living beings rose R33 from the earth, the wheels rose also. 20 Wherever R34 the spirit was about to go, they would go in that direction. F14 And the wheels rose close beside them; for the spirit of the living beings F15 was in the wheels. 21 Whenever R35 those went, these went; and whenever those stood still, these stood still. And whenever those rose from the earth, the wheels rose close beside them; for the spirit of the living beings F16 was in the wheels.

Vision of Divine Glory

22 Now over R36 the heads of the living beings F17 there was something like an expanse, like the awesome gleam of crystal, F18 spread out over their heads. 23 Under the expanse their wings were stretched out straight, one toward the other; each one also had two R37 wings covering its body on the one side and on the other. 24 I also heard the sound of their wings like the sound R38 of abundant waters as they went, like the voice R39 of the F19 Almighty, a sound of tumult like the sound R40 of an army camp; whenever they stood still, they dropped their wings. 25 And there came a voice from above the expanse R41 that was over their heads; whenever they stood still, they dropped their wings.

26 Now above R42 the expanse that was over their heads there was something resembling R43 a throne, like lapis R44 F20 lazuli in appearance; and on that which resembled a throne, high up, was a figure with the appearance of a man. R45 27 Then I noticed F21 from the appearance of His loins and upward something like R46 glowing F22 metal that looked like fire all around within it, and from the appearance of His loins and downward I saw something like fire; and there was a radiance around Him. 28 As the appearance of the rainbow R47 in F23 the clouds on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the surrounding radiance. Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory R48 of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell R49 on my face and heard a voice speaking.

F1: Some ancient mss and versions read a vision
F2: Lit it was
F3: Lit the soles of their feet
F4: Lit the four of them
F4: Lit the four of them
F5: So with some ancient versions; Hebrew as the likeness of the living beings
F6: Lit like the appearance of
F7: Lit coming out
F8: Lit for his four faces
F9: Lit the look of beryl
F10: Lit the wheel in the midst of the wheel
F11: Lit went
F11: Lit went
F12: Lit sides
F11: Lit went
F13: Lit went
F13: Lit went
F14: M.T. adds the spirit to go
F15: M.T. reads being
F16: M.T. reads being
F17: So some ancient mss and versions; M.T. reads being
F18: Or ice
F19: Hebrew Shaddai
F20: Hebrew eben-sappir
F21: Lit saw
F22: Or electrum
F23: Lit which occurs in

R1: Ezekiel 3:23; 10:15,20
R2: Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:21; Acts 7:56; 10:11; Revelation 4:1; 19:11
R3: Exodus 24:10; Numbers 12:6; Isaiah 1:1; 6:1; Ezekiel 8:3; 11:24; 40:2; Daniel 8:1,2
R4: 2 Kings 24:12-15; Ezekiel 8:1; 20:1
R5: 2 Peter 1:21
R6: Ezekiel 12:13
R7: 1 Kings 18:46; 2 Kings 3:15; Ezekiel 3:14,22
R8: Isaiah 21:1; Jeremiah 23:19; Ezekiel 13:11,13
R9: Ezekiel 1:27; 8:2
R10: Ezekiel 10:15,17,20; Revelation 4:6-8
R11: Ezekiel 1:26
R12: Ezekiel 1:10; 10:14,21
R13: Ezekiel 1:23
R14: Daniel 10:6; Revelation 1:15
R15: Ezekiel 1:17; 10:11
R16: Ezekiel 10:8,21
R17: Ezekiel 1:17
R18: Ezekiel 1:12; 10:22
R19: Revelation 4:7
R20: Ezekiel 10:14
R21: Isaiah 6:2; Ezekiel 1:23
R22: Ezekiel 1:9
R23: Ezekiel 1:20
R24: Psalms 104:4; Revelation 4:5
R25: Zechariah 4:10
R26: Matthew 24:27; Luke 17:24
R27: Ezekiel 1:19-21; 10:9
R28: Ezekiel 10:9-11
R29: Ezekiel 10:9; Daniel 10:6
R30: Ezekiel 1:9,12; 10:11
R31: Ezekiel 10:12; Revelation 4:6,8
R32: Ezekiel 10:16
R33: Ezekiel 10:19
R34: Ezekiel 1:12
R35: Ezekiel 10:17
R36: Ezekiel 10:1
R37: Ezekiel 1:6,11
R38: Ezekiel 43:2; Revelation 1:15; 19:6
R39: Ezekiel 10:5
R40: 2 Kings 7:6; Daniel 10:6
R41: Ezekiel 1:22; 10:1
R42: Ezekiel 1:22; 10:1
R43: Isaiah 6:1; Ezekiel 10:1; Daniel 7:9
R44: Exodus 24:10; Isaiah 54:11
R45: Ezekiel 43:6,7; Revelation 1:13
R46: Ezekiel 1:4; 8:2
R47: Genesis 9:13; Revelation 4:3; 10:1
R48: Exodus 24:16; Ezekiel 8:4; 11:22,23; 43:4,5
R49: Genesis 17:3; Ezekiel 3:23; Daniel 8:17; Revelation 1:17


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