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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Genesis 1 - 4
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of GenesisClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
1:1-31 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 In R1 the beginning God R2 created R3 the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was formless R4 F1 and void, and darkness R5 was over the surface F2 of the deep, and the R6 Spirit of God was R7 moving F3 over the surface F2 of the waters.

3 Then God R8 said, "Let there be light"; and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good; R9 and God separated R10 the light from the darkness. 5 God R11 called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there R12 was evening and there was morning, one day.

6 Then God said, "Let there be an F4 expanse R13 in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters." 7 God made the expanse, F5 and separated the R14 waters which were below the expanse F5 from the waters which R15 were above the expanse; F5 and it was so. 8 God called the expanse F6 heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

9 Then God said, "Let R16 the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the R17 dry land appear"; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering R18 of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good. 11 Then God said, "Let the earth sprout vegetation, R19 F7 plants F8 yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their F9 kind with F10 seed in them"; and it was so. 12 The earth brought forth vegetation, F11 plants F12 yielding seed after their F13 kind, and trees bearing fruit with F14 seed in them, after their F13 kind; and God saw that it was good. 13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.

14 Then God said, "Let there be lights R20 F15 in the expanse R21 F16 of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs R22 and for seasons R23 and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights F17 in the expanse F18 of the heavens to give light on the earth"; and it was so. 16 God made the two great F19 lights, the greater R24 light F20 to F21 govern the day, and the lesser light F20 to F21 govern the night; He made the R25 stars also. 17 God R26 placed them in the expanse F22 of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to F23 govern R27 the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

20 Then God said, "Let the waters teem F24 with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in F25 the open expanse F26 of the heavens." 21 God created the R28 great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; and God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

24 Then R29 God said, "Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their F27 kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth after their F27 kind"; and it was so. 25 God made the beasts R30 of the earth after their F28 kind, and the cattle after their F28 kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.

26 Then God said, "Let Us R31 make man R32 in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule R33 over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky F29 and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." 27 God created man in R34 His own image, in the image of God He created him; male R35 and female He created them. 28 God blessed them; and God said to them, "Be R36 fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky F30 and over every living thing that moves F31 on the earth."

29 Then God said, "Behold, I R37 have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface F32 of all the earth, and every tree which F33 has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to R38 every beast of the earth and to every bird of the sky F34 and to every thing that moves F35 on the earth which F36 has life, I have given every green plant for food"; and it was so.

31 God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. R39 And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

2:1-25 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their R40 hosts. 2 By the R41 seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He R42 rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and F37 made.

4 This R43 F38 is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the R44 day that the LORD God made earth and heaven. 5 Now R45 no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for R46 the LORD God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate F39 the ground. 6 But a mist F40 used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface F41 of the ground. 7 Then the LORD God formed man of dust R47 from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man R48 became a living being. F42

8 The LORD God planted a garden R49 toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. 9 Out of the ground the LORD God caused to grow every R50 tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the R51 tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 Now a river R52 flowed F43 out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers. F44 11 The name of the first is Pishon; it flows F45 around the whole land of Havilah, R53 where there is gold. 12 The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows F46 around the whole land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is Tigris; R54 F47 it flows F48 east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. R55 F49 15 Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.

16 The LORD God commanded R56 the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, F50 for in the day that you eat from it you R57 will surely die."

18 Then the LORD God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone; I R58 will make him a helper suitable F51 for him." 19 Out R59 of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, F52 and brought R60 them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20 The man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, F53 and to every beast of the field, but for Adam F54 there was not found a R61 helper suitable F55 for him.

21 So the LORD God caused a deep R62 sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22 The LORD God fashioned F56 into a woman the R63 rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. 23 The man said, "This R64 is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She F57 shall be called Woman, F58 Because she F57 was taken out of Man." F59 24 For R65 this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25 And R66 the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.

3:1-24 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Now the R67 serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, "Indeed, has God said, `You shall not eat from any F60 tree of the garden'?" 2 The woman said to the serpent, "From R68 the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; 3 but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, `You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.' " 4 The R69 serpent said to the woman, "You surely will not die! 5 "For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you R70 will be like God, knowing good and evil."

6 When R71 the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew R72 that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin F61 coverings. 8 They heard the sound of the R73 LORD God walking in the garden in the cool F62 of the day, and R74 the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.

9 Then the LORD God called to the man, and said to him, "Where R75 are you?" 10 He said, "I R76 heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself."

11 And He said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?" 12 The R77 man said, "The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate." 13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" And the woman said, "The R78 serpent deceived me, and I ate."

14 The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because R79 you have done this, Cursed are you more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you will go, And dust R80 you will eat All the days of your life; 15 And I will put enmity R81 Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He R82 shall bruise F63 you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel."

16 To the woman He said, "I will greatly multiply Your pain in F64 childbirth, In pain you will bring R83 forth children; Yet your desire will be for your husband, And he R84 will rule over you."

17 Then to Adam He said, "Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, `You shall not eat from it'; Cursed R85 is the ground because of you; In R86 toil F65 you will eat of it All the days of your life. 18 "Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you; And you will eat the plants F66 of the field; 19 By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, Till you return R87 to the ground, Because from R88 it you were taken; For you are dust, And to dust you shall return."

20 Now the man called his wife's name Eve, R89 F67 because she was the mother of all the living.

21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.

22 Then the LORD God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of Us, R90 knowing good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the R91 tree of life, and eat, and live forever"-- 23 therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. 24 So He R92 drove the man out; and at the east R93 of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim R94 and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the R95 tree of life.

4:1-26 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

1 Now the man had F68 relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, F69 and she said, "I have gotten a manchild F70 with the help of the LORD." 2 Again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel R96 was a R97 keeper of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

3 So it came about in F71 the course of time that Cain brought an offering to the LORD of the fruit of the ground. 4 Abel, R98 on his part also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the R99 LORD had regard for Abel and for his offering; 5 but for R100 Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain R101 became very angry and his countenance fell.

6 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why R102 are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? 7 "If R103 you do well, will F72 not your countenance be lifted up? And R104 if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but R105 you must master it."

8 Cain told F73 Abel his brother. And it came about when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed R106 him.

9 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where R107 is Abel your brother?" And he said, "I do not know. Am I my brother's keeper?" 10 He said, "What have you done? The R108 voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground. 11 "Now you R109 are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand. 12 "When R110 you cultivate the ground, it will no longer yield its strength to you; you R111 will be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth."

13 Cain said to the LORD, "My punishment is too great to bear! 14 "Behold, You have driven R112 me this day from the face of the ground; and from Your face I will be hidden, and I R113 will be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever R114 finds me will kill me." 15 So the LORD said to him, "Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold." R115 And the LORD appointed R116 F74 a sign for Cain, so that no one finding him would slay him.

16 Then Cain went out from the presence of R117 the LORD, and settled F75 in the land of Nod, F76 east of Eden. 17 Cain had F77 relations with his wife and she conceived, and gave birth to Enoch; and he built a city, and called the name of the city Enoch, after the name of his son. 18 Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad became F78 the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael became F78 the father of Methushael, and Methushael became F78 the father of Lamech.

19 Lamech took to himself two R118 wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah. 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe. 22 As for Zillah, she also gave birth to Tubal-cain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

23 Lamech said to his wives, "Adah and Zillah, Listen to my voice, You wives of Lamech, Give heed to my speech, For R119 I have F79 killed a man for wounding me; And a boy for striking me; 24 If Cain is avenged sevenfold, R120 Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold."

25 Adam R121 had F80 relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, F81 for, she said, "God has F82 appointed me another offspring F83 in place of Abel, for R122 Cain killed him." 26 To Seth, to him also a R123 son was born; and he called his name Enosh. Then men began to R124 call upon F84 the name of the LORD.


FOOTNOTES:
F1 Or a waste and emptiness
F2 Lit face of
F3 Or hovering
F4 Or a firmament
F5 Or firmament
F6 Or firmament
F7 Or grass
F8 Or herbs
F9 Lit its
F10 Lit in which is its seed
F11 Or grass
F12 Or herbs
F13 Lit its
F14 Lit in which is its seed
F15 Or luminaries, light-bearers
F16 Or firmament
F17 Or luminaries, light-bearers
F18 Or firmament
F19 Or luminaries, light-bearers
F20 Or luminary, light-bearer
F21 Lit for the dominion of
F22 Or firmament
F23 Lit for the dominion of
F24 Or swarm
F25 Lit on the face of
F26 Or firmament
F27 Lit its
F28 Lit its
F29 Lit heavens
F30 Lit heavens
F31 Or creeps
F32 Lit face of
F33 Lit in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed
F34 Lit heavens
F35 Or creeps
F36 Lit in which is a living soul
F37 Lit to make
F38 Lit These are the generations
F39 Lit work, serve
F40 Or flow
F41 Lit face of
F42 Lit soul
F43 Lit was going out
F44 Lit heads
F45 Lit surrounds
F46 Lit is the one surrounding
F47 Heb Hiddekel
F48 Lit is the one going
F49 Heb Perath
F50 Lit eat from it
F51 Lit corresponding to
F52 Lit heavens
F53 Lit heavens
F54 Or man
F55 Lit corresponding to
F56 Lit built
F57 Lit This one
F58 Heb Ishshah
F59 Heb Ish
F60 Or every
F61 Or girdles
F62 Lit wind, breeze
F63 Or crush
F64 Lit and your pregnancy, conception
F65 Or sorrow
F66 Lit plant
F67 I.e. living; or life
F68 Lit knew
F69 I.e. gotten one
F70 Or man, the LORD
F71 Lit at the end of days
F72 Or surely you will be accepted
F73 Lit said to
F74 Or set a mark on
F75 Lit dwelt
F76 I.e. wandering
F77 Lit knew
F78 Lit begot
F79 Or kill
F80 Lit knew
F81 Heb Sheth
F82 Heb shath
F83 Lit seed
F84 Or by

 

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1 Psalms 102:25; Isaiah 40:21; John 1:1,2; Hebrews 1:10
R2 Psalms 89:11; 90:2; Acts 17:24; Romans 1:20; Hebrews 11:3
R3 Job 38:4; Isaiah 42:5; 45:18; Revelation 4:11
R4 Jeremiah 4:23
R5 Job 38:9
R6 Psalms 104:30; Isaiah 40:13,14
R7 Deuteronomy 32:11; Isaiah 31:5
R8 Psalms 33:6,9; 2 Corinthians 4:6
R9 Psalms 145:9,10
R10 Isaiah 45:7
R11 Psalms 74:16
R12 Psalms 65:8
R13 Isaiah 40:22; Jeremiah 10:12; 2 Peter 3:5
R14 Job 38:8-11
R15 Psalms 148:4
R16 Psalms 104:6-9; Jeremiah 5:22; 2 Peter 3:5
R17 Psalms 24:1,2; 95:5
R18 Psalms 33:7; 95:5; 146:6
R19 Psalms 65:9-13; 104:14; Hebrews 6:7
R20 Psalms 74:16;
R21 Psalms 19:1;
R22 Jeremiah 10:2
R23 Psalms 104:19
R24 Psalms 136:8,9
R25 Job 38:7; Psalms 8:3; Isaiah 40:26
R26 Jeremiah 33:20,25
R27 Jeremiah 31:35
R28 Psalms 104:25-28
R29 Genesis 2:19; 6:20; 7:14; 8:19
R30 Genesis 7:21,22; Jeremiah 27:5
R31 Genesis 3:22;
R32 Genesis 5:1; 9:6; 1 Corinthians 11:7; Ephesians 4:24; James 3:9
R33 Psalms 8:6-8
R34 Genesis 5:1f; 1 Corinthians 11:7; Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10
R35 Matthew 19:4; Mark 10:6
R36 Genesis 9:1,7; Leviticus 26:9; Psalms 127:3,5
R37 Psalms 104:14; 136:25
R38 Psalms 145:15,16; 147:9
R39 Psalms 104:24,28; 119:68; 1 Timothy 4:4
R40 Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3
R41 Exodus 20:8-11;
R42 Hebrews 4:4,10
R43 Job 38:4-11
R44 Genesis 1:3-31
R45 Genesis 1:11
R46 Psalms 65:9,10; Jeremiah 10:12,13
R47 Genesis 3:19
R48 1 Corinthians 15:45
R49 Genesis 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13
R50 Ezekiel 47:12
R51 Genesis 3:22; Revelation 2:7; 22:2,14
R52 Psalms 46:4
R53 Genesis 25:18
R54 Daniel 10:4
R55 Genesis 15:18
R56 Genesis 3:2,3
R57 Deuteronomy 30:15,19,20; Romans 6:23; 1 Timothy 5:6; James 1:15
R58 1 Corinthians 11:9
R59 Genesis 1:24
R60 Genesis 1:26
R61 Genesis 2:18
R62 Genesis 15:12
R63 1 Corinthians 11:8,9
R64 Genesis 29:14; Ephesians 5:28,29
R65 Matthew 19:5; Mark 10:7,8; 1 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 5:31
R66 Genesis 3:7,10,11
R67 2 Corinthians 11:3; Revelation 12:9; 20:2
R68 Genesis 2:16,17
R69 John 8:44; 2 Corinthians 11:3
R70 Isaiah 14:14; Ezekiel 28:2,12-17
R71 Romans 5:12-19; 1 Timothy 2:14; James 1:14,15; 1 John 2:16
R72 Isaiah 47:3; Lamentations 1:8
R73 Genesis 18:33; Leviticus 26:12; Deuteronomy 23:14
R74 Job 31:33; Psalms 139:1-12; Hosea 10:8; Amos 9:3; Revelation 6:15-17
R75 Genesis 4:9; 18:9
R76 Exodus 20:18,19; Deuteronomy 5:25
R77 Job 31:33; Proverbs 28:13
R78 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14
R79 Deuteronomy 28:15-20
R80 Isaiah 65:25; Micah 7:17
R81 Revelation 12:17
R82 Romans 16:20
R83 John 16:21; 1 Timothy 2:15
R84 1 Corinthians 14:34
R85 Genesis 5:29; Romans 8:20-22; Hebrews 6:8
R86 Job 5:7; 14:1; Ecclesiastes 2:23
R87 Psalms 90:3; 104:29; Ecclesiastes 12:7
R88 Genesis 2:7
R89 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:13
R90 Genesis 1:26
R91 Genesis 2:9; Revelation 22:14
R92 Ezekiel 31:11
R93 Genesis 2:8
R94 Exodus 25:18-22; Psalms 104:4; Ezekiel 10:1-20; Hebrews 1:7
R95 Genesis 2:9
R96 Luke 11:50,51
R97 Genesis 46:32; 47:3
R98 Hebrews 11:4
R99 1 Samuel 15:22
R100 1 Samuel 16:7
R101 Isaiah 3:9; Jude 11
R102 Jonah 4:4
R103 Jeremiah 3:12; Micah 7:18
R104 Numbers 32:23
R105 Job 11:14,15; Romans 6:12,16
R106 Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51; 1 John 3:12-15; Jude 11
R107 Genesis 3:9
R108 Numbers 35:33; Deuteronomy 21:1-9; Hebrews 12:24; Revelation 6:9,10
R109 Genesis 3:14; Deuteronomy 28:15-20; Galatians 3:10
R110 Deuteronomy 28:15-24; Joel 1:10-20
R111 Leviticus 26:17,36
R112 Genesis 3:24; Jeremiah 52:3
R113 Deuteronomy 28:64-67
R114 Numbers 35:19
R115 Genesis 4:24
R116 Ezekiel 9:4,6
R117 2 Kings 24:20; Jeremiah 23:39; 52:3
R118 Genesis 2:24
R119 Exodus 20:13; Leviticus 19:18; Deuteronomy 32:35; Psalms 94:1
R120 Genesis 4:15
R121 Genesis 5:3
R122 Genesis 4:8
R123 Luke 3:38
R124 Genesis 12:8; 26:25; 1 Kings 18:24; Psalms 116:17; Joel 2:32; Zephaniah 3:9; 1 Corinthians 1:2

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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