Retribution for Israel's Sin
1 Israel is a luxuriant F91 vine; R301
He produces fruit for himself.
The more his fruit,
The more altars he made; R302
The richer F92 his land,
The better he F93 made the sacred pillars. R303
2 Their heart is faithless; R304 F94
Now they must bear their guilt. R305
The F95 LORD will break R306 down their altars
And destroy their sacred pillars.
3 Surely now they will say, "We have no R307 king,
For we do not revere the LORD.
As for the king, what can he do for us?"
4 They speak mere words,
With F96 worthless R308 oaths they make covenants;
And judgment R309 sprouts like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.
5 The inhabitants of Samaria will fear
For the calf R310 F97 of Beth-aven. R311
Indeed, its people will mourn for it,
And its idolatrous R312 priests will F98 cry out over it,
Over its glory, R313 since it has departed from it.
6 The thing itself will be carried to Assyria R314
As tribute to King R315 F99 Jareb;
Ephraim will be F100 seized R316 with shame
And Israel will be ashamed of its own R317 counsel.
7 Samaria will be cut R318 off with her king
Like a stick on the surface of the water.
8 Also the high R319 places of Aven, the sin R320 of Israel, will be destroyed;
Thorn R321 and thistle will grow on their altars;
Then they will say R322 to the mountains,
"Cover us!" And to the hills, "Fall on us!"
9 From the days of Gibeah you have sinned, O Israel;
There they stand!
Will not the battle against the sons of iniquity overtake them in Gibeah?
10 When it is My desire, R323 I will chastise R324 F101 them;
And the R325 peoples will be gathered against them
When they are bound for their double guilt.
11 Ephraim is a trained heifer R326 that loves to thresh,
But I will come R327 over her fair neck with a yoke;
I will harness Ephraim,
Judah will plow, Jacob will harrow for himself.
12 Sow R328 with a view to righteousness,
Reap in accordance with kindness; F102
Break R329 up your fallow ground,
For it is time to seek R330 the LORD
Until He comes R331 to rain R332 F103 righteousness on you.
13 You have plowed R333 wickedness, you have reaped injustice,
You have eaten the fruit of lies. R334
Because you have trusted in your way, in your numerous R335 warriors,
14 Therefore a tumult will arise among your people,
And all your fortresses R336 will be destroyed,
As Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle,
When mothers R337 were dashed in pieces with their children.
15 Thus it will be done to you at Bethel because of your great wickedness.
At dawn the king of Israel will be completely cut off.
F91: Or degenerate
F92: Or better
F93: Lit they
F94: Lit smooth
F95: Lit He
F96: Or Swearing falsely in making a covenant
F97: So with some ancient versions; Hebrew calves
F98: Or who used to rejoice over
F99: Or the avenging king or the great king
F100: Lit receive shame
F101: Or bind
F102: Or loyalty
F103: Or teach
R301: Isaiah 5:1-7; Ezekiel 15:1-6
R302: Jeremiah 2:28; Hosea 8:11; 12:11
R303: 1 Kings 14:23; Hosea 3:4
R304: 1 Kings 18:21; Zephaniah 1:5
R305: Hosea 13:16
R306: Hosea 10:8; Micah 5:13
R307: Psalms 12:4; Isaiah 5:19
R308: Ezekiel 17:13-19; Hosea 4:2
R309: Deuteronomy 31:16,17; 2 Kings 17:3,4; Amos 5:7
R310: Hosea 8:5,6
R311: Hosea 4:15; 5:8
R312: 2 Kings 23:5
R313: Hosea 9:11
R314: Hosea 11:5
R315: Hosea 5:13
R316: Hosea 4:7
R317: Isaiah 30:3; Jeremiah 7:24
R318: Hosea 13:11
R319: Hosea 4:13
R320: 1 Kings 12:28-30; 13:34
R321: Isaiah 32:13; Hosea 9:6; 10:2
R322: Isaiah 2:19; Luke 23:30; Revelation 6:16
R323: Ezekiel 5:13
R324: Hosea 4:9
R325: Jeremiah 16:16
R326: Jeremiah 50:11; Hosea 4:16; Micah 4:13
R327: Jeremiah 28:14
R328: Proverbs 11:18
R329: Jeremiah 4:3
R330: Hosea 12:6
R331: Hosea 6:3
R332: Isaiah 44:3; 45:8
R333: Job 1:4:8; Proverbs 22:8; Galatians 6:7,8
R334: Hosea 4:2; 7:3; 11:12
R335: Psalms 33:16
R336: Isaiah 17:3
R337: Hosea 13:16