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 Joshua 7
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JoshuaClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    7:1-26 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Israel Is Defeated at Ai

1 But R103 the sons of Israel acted unfaithfully in regard to the things under the ban, for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, took some of the things under the ban, therefore the anger of the LORD burned against the sons of Israel.

2 Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth-aven, R104 east of Bethel, and said to them, "Go F62 up and spy out the land." So the men went up and spied out Ai. 3 They returned to Joshua and said to him, "Do not let all the people go up; only about two or three thousand men need go up to F63 Ai; do not make all the people toil up there, for they are few." 4 So about three thousand men from the people went up there, but they R105 fled from F64 the men of Ai. 5 The men of Ai struck down about thirty-six of their men, and pursued them from F65 the gate as far as Shebarim and struck them down on the descent, so the hearts R106 of the people melted and became as water.

6 Then Joshua tore R107 his clothes and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of the LORD until the evening, both he and the elders of Israel; and they R108 put dust on their heads. 7 Joshua said, "Alas, O Lord GOD F66 , why did You ever bring this people over the Jordan, only to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? If only we had been willing to F67 dwell beyond the Jordan! 8 "O Lord, what can I say since Israel has turned their back F68 before their enemies? 9 "For R109 the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land will hear of it, and they will surround us and cut off our name from the earth. And what will You do for Your great name?"

10 So the LORD said to Joshua, "Rise up! Why is it that you have fallen on your face? 11 "Israel has sinned, and they R110 have also transgressed My covenant which I commanded them. And they have even taken some of the things under the ban and have both stolen and deceived. Moreover, they have also put them among their own things. 12 "Therefore the sons R111 of Israel cannot stand before their enemies; they turn their backs F69 before their enemies, for they have become accursed. I will not be with you anymore unless you destroy the things under the ban from your midst. 13 "Rise up! Consecrate R112 the people and say, `Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, for thus the LORD, the God of Israel, has said, "There R113 are things under the ban in your midst, O Israel. You cannot stand before your enemies until you have removed the things under the ban from your midst." 14 `In the morning then you shall come near by your tribes. And it shall be that the tribe which the R114 LORD takes by lot shall come near by families, and the family which the LORD takes shall come near by households, and the household which the LORD takes shall come near man by man. 15 `It R115 shall be that the one who is taken with the things under the ban shall be burned with fire, he and all that belongs to him, because he has transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and because he has R116 committed a disgraceful thing in Israel.' "

The Sin of Achan

16 So Joshua arose early in the morning and brought Israel near by tribes, F70 and the tribe of Judah was taken. 17 He brought the family of Judah near, and he took the family of the Zerahites; and he brought the family of the Zerahites near man by man, and Zabdi was taken. 18 He brought his household near man by man; and Achan, R117 son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, was taken. 19 Then Joshua said to Achan, "My son, I implore you, give R118 glory to the LORD, the God of Israel, and give praise to Him; and tell me now what you have done. Do not hide it from me." 20 So Achan answered Joshua and said, "Truly, I have sinned against the LORD, the God of Israel, and this F71 is what I did: 21 when I saw among the spoil a beautiful mantle from Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver and a bar of gold fifty shekels in weight, then I coveted R119 them and took them; and behold, they are concealed in the earth inside my tent with the silver underneath it."

22 So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran to the tent; and behold, it was concealed in his tent with the silver underneath it. 23 They took them from inside the tent and brought them to Joshua and to all the sons of Israel, and they poured them out before the LORD. 24 Then Joshua and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, the silver, the mantle, the bar of gold, his sons, his daughters, his oxen, F72 his donkeys, his sheep, his tent and all that belonged to him; and they brought them up to the R120 valley of Achor. F73 25 Joshua said, "Why have you troubled R121 us? The LORD will trouble you this day." And all Israel stoned them F74 with stones; and they burned them with fire after F75 they had stoned them with stones. 26 They raised over him a great heap of stones that stands to this day, and the LORD turned from the fierceness of His anger. Therefore the name of that place has been called the R122 valley of Achor F76 to this day.

F62: Lit saying, Go
F63: Lit and smite
F64: Lit before
F65: Or before
F66: Hebrew YHWH, usually rendered L\ORD/
F67: Lit and had dwelt
F68: Lit neck
F69: Lit necks
F70: Lit its tribes
F71: Lit thus and thus I did
F72: Or cattle
F73: I.e. trouble
F74: Lit him
F75: Lit and they stoned
F76: I.e. trouble

R103: Joshua 6:17-19
R104: Joshua 18:12; 1 Samuel 13:5; 14:23
R105: Leviticus 26:17; Deuteronomy 28:25
R106: Leviticus 26:36; Joshua 2:11; Ezekiel 21:7; Nahum 2:10
R107: Job 1:2:12
R108: Job 1:42:6; Lamentations 2:10; Revelation 18:19
R109: Exodus 32:12; Deuteronomy 9:28
R110: Joshua 6:18,19
R111: Numbers 14:39,45; Judges 2:14
R112: Joshua 3:5
R113: Joshua 6:18
R114: Proverbs 16:33
R115: 1 Samuel 14:38f
R116: Genesis 34:7; Judges 20:6
R117: Numbers 32:23; Acts 5:1-10
R118: 1 Samuel 6:5; 2 Chronicles 30:22; Jeremiah 13:16; John 9:24
R119: Ephesians 5:5; 1 Timothy 6:10
R120: Joshua 15:7
R121: Joshua 6:18
R122: Isaiah 65:10; Hosea 2:15


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