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 Leviticus 25
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of LeviticusClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    25:1-55 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Sabbatic Year and Year of Jubilee

1 The LORD then spoke to Moses at F336 Mount Sinai, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, `When you come into the land which I shall give you, then the land shall have a sabbath to the LORD. 3 `Six R604 years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop, 4 but during the R605 seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard. 5 `Your harvest's aftergrowth F337 you shall not reap, and your grapes of untrimmed vines you shall not gather; the land shall have a sabbatical year. 6 `All R606 of you shall have the sabbath products of the land for food; yourself, and your male and female slaves, and your hired man and your foreign resident, those who live as aliens with you. 7 `Even your cattle and the animals that are in your land shall have all its crops to eat.

8 `You are also to count off seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of the seven sabbaths of years, namely, forty-nine years. 9 `You shall then sound a ram's horn abroad on the R607 tenth day of the seventh month; on the day of atonement you shall sound a horn all through your land. 10 `You shall thus consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim R608 a F338 release through the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, and F339 each R609 of you shall return to his own property, and F339 each of you shall return to his family. 11 `You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee; you shall not sow, nor reap its aftergrowth, nor gather in from its untrimmed vines. 12 `For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat its crops out of the field.

13 `On R610 this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his own property. 14 `If you make a sale, moreover, to your friend or buy from your friend's hand, you R611 shall not wrong one another. 15 `Corresponding to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from your friend; F340 he is to sell to you according to the number of years of crops. 16 `In R612 proportion to the extent F341 of the years you shall increase its price, and in proportion to the fewness of the years you shall diminish its price, for it is a number of crops he is selling to you. 17 `So you R613 shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear F342 your God; for I am the LORD your God.

18 `You shall thus observe My statutes and keep My judgments, so as to carry them out, that you R614 may live securely on the land. 19 `Then the land will yield its produce, so that you can eat your fill and live securely on it. 20 `But if you say, "What R615 are we going to eat on the seventh year if F343 we do not sow or gather in our crops?" 21 then I R616 will so order My blessing for you in the sixth year that it will bring forth the crop for three years. 22 `When you are sowing the eighth year, you can still eat old R617 things from the crop, eating the old until the ninth year when its crop comes in.

The Law of Redemption

23 `The land, moreover, shall not be sold permanently, for the R618 land is Mine; for you R619 are but aliens and sojourners with Me. 24 `Thus for every piece F344 of your property, you are to provide for the redemption of the land.

25 `If R620 a fellow F345 countryman of yours becomes so poor he has to sell part of his property, then his nearest kinsman is to come and buy back what his relative F345 has sold. 26 `Or in case a man has no kinsman, but so recovers F346 his means as to find sufficient for its redemption, 27 then R621 he shall calculate the years since its sale and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and so return to his property. 28 `But if he F347 has not found sufficient means to get it back for himself, then what he has sold shall remain in the hands of its purchaser until the year of jubilee; but at the jubilee it shall revert, F348 that he R622 may return to his property.

29 `Likewise, if a man sells a dwelling house in a walled city, then his redemption right remains valid until a full year from its sale; his right of redemption lasts a full year. 30 `But if it is not bought back for him within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city passes permanently to its purchaser throughout his generations; it does not revert F349 in the jubilee. 31 `The houses of the villages, however, which have no surrounding wall shall be considered as F350 open fields; they have redemption rights and revert F351 in the jubilee. 32 `As for cities R623 of the Levites, the Levites have a permanent right of redemption for the houses of the cities which are their possession. 33 `What, therefore, belongs F352 to the Levites may be redeemed and a house sale in F353 the city of this possession reverts F354 in the jubilee, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the sons of Israel. 34 `But R624 pasture fields of their cities shall not be sold, for that is their perpetual possession.

Of Poor Countrymen

35 `Now R625 in case a countryman F355 of yours becomes poor and his means F356 with regard to you falter, then you are to sustain him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you. 36 `Do R626 not take usurious F357 interest from him, but revere your God, that your countryman F358 may live with you. 37 `You shall not give him your silver at interest, nor your food for gain. 38 `I R627 am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to R628 be your God.

39 `If R629 a countryman F359 of yours becomes so poor with regard to you that he sells himself to you, you shall not subject him to a slave's service. 40 `He shall be with you as a hired man, as if R630 he were a sojourner; he shall serve with you until the year of jubilee. 41 `He shall then go out from you, he and his sons with him, and shall go back to his family, that he may return to the property of his forefathers. 42 `For they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt; they are not to be sold in a slave sale. 43 `You R631 shall not rule over him with severity, but are to revere your God. 44 `As for your male and female slaves whom you may have--you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you. 45 `Then, too, it is out of the sons of the sojourners who live as aliens among you that you may gain acquisition, and out of their families who are with you, whom they will have produced F360 in your land; they also may become your possession. 46 `You may even bequeath them to your sons after you, to receive as a possession; you can use them as permanent slaves. But R632 in respect to your countrymen, F361 the sons of Israel, you shall not rule with severity over one another.

Of Redeeming a Poor Man

47 `Now if the means F362 of a stranger or of a sojourner with you becomes sufficient, and a countryman F363 of yours becomes so poor with regard to him as to sell himself to a stranger who is sojourning with you, or to the descendants of a stranger's family, 48 then he shall have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or one of his blood relatives from his family may redeem him; or if R633 F364 he prospers, he may redeem himself. 50 `He then with his purchaser shall calculate from the year when he sold himself to him up to the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall correspond to the number of years. It is like the days of a hired man that he shall be with him. 51 `If there are still many years, he R634 shall refund part of his purchase price in proportion to them for his own redemption; 52 and if few years remain until the year of jubilee, he shall so calculate with him. In proportion to his years he is to refund the amount for his redemption. 53 `Like a man hired year by year he shall be with him; he R635 shall not rule over him with severity in your sight. 54 `Even if he is not redeemed by these F365 means, he R636 shall still go out in the year of jubilee, he and his sons with him. 55 `For the sons of Israel are My servants; they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.

F336: Or on
F337: Lit growth from spilled kernels
F338: Or liberty
F339: Or when
F339: Or when
F340: Lit friend's hands
F341: Lit multitude
F342: Or reverence
F343: Or behold
F344: Lit land
F345: Lit brother
F345: Lit brother
F346: Lit his hand reaches
F347: Lit his hand has not found sufficient to
F348: Lit go out
F349: Lit go out
F350: Lit according to
F351: Lit go out
F352: Lit is from
F353: Lit and
F354: Lit goes out
F355: Lit brother
F356: Lit hand
F357: Lit interest and usury
F358: Lit brother
F359: Lit brother
F360: Lit begotten
F361: Lit brothers
F362: Lit hand...reaches
F363: Lit brother
F364: Lit if his hand has reached and
F365: Or these years

R604: Exodus 23:10,11
R605: Leviticus 25:20
R606: Leviticus 25:20,21
R607: Leviticus 23:27
R608: Jeremiah 34:8,15,17
R609: Leviticus 25:13,28,54
R610: Leviticus 25:10; 27:24
R611: Leviticus 25:17
R612: Leviticus 25:27,51,52
R613: Leviticus 25:14; Proverbs 14:31; 22:22; Jeremiah 7:5,6; 1 Thessalonians 4:6
R614: Leviticus 26:5; Deuteronomy 12:10; Jeremiah 23:6
R615: Leviticus 25:4
R616: Deuteronomy 28:8
R617: Leviticus 26:10
R618: Exodus 19:5
R619: Genesis 23:4; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Psalms 39:12; Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 2:11
R620: Ruth 2:20; 4:4,6
R621: Leviticus 25:16
R622: Leviticus 25:10,13
R623: Numbers 35:1-8; Joshua 21:2
R624: Numbers 35:2-5
R625: Deuteronomy 15:7-11; 24:14,15
R626: Exodus 22:25; Deuteronomy 23:19,20
R627: Leviticus 11:45
R628: Genesis 17:7
R629: Exodus 21:2-6; Deuteronomy 15:12-18; 1 Kings 9:22
R630: Exodus 21:2
R631: Exodus 1:13,14; Leviticus 25:46,53; Ezekiel 34:4; Colossians 4:1
R632: Leviticus 25:43
R633: Leviticus 25:26,27
R634: Leviticus 25:16
R635: Leviticus 25:43
R636: Leviticus 25:10,13,28


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