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 Nehemiah 9
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of NehemiahClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    9:1-38 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The People Confess Their Sin

1 Now on the twenty-fourth day of this R179 month the sons of Israel assembled with R180 fasting, in sackcloth and with dirt R181 upon them. 2 The descendants R182 F99 of Israel separated themselves from all foreigners, and stood and confessed R183 their sins and the iniquities of their fathers. 3 While they R184 stood in their place, they read from the book of the law of the LORD their God for a fourth of the day; and for another fourth they confessed and worshiped the LORD their God. 4 Now R185 on the Levites' platform stood Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani and Chenani, and they cried with a loud voice to the LORD their God.

5 Then the Levites, Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah and Pethahiah, said, "Arise, bless the LORD your God forever and ever! O may Your glorious name be blessed And exalted above all blessing and praise!

6 "You R186 alone are the LORD.

You R187 have made the heavens,

The heaven of heavens with all their host,

The earth and all that is on it,

The seas and all that is in them.

You R188 give life to all of them

And the heavenly host bows down before You.

7 "You are the LORD God,

Who R189 chose Abram

And brought him out from Ur R190 of the Chaldees,

And gave R191 him the name Abraham.

8 "You found his R192 heart faithful before You,

And made a covenant with him

To give him the land of the Canaanite,

Of the Hittite and the Amorite,

Of the Perizzite, the Jebusite and the Girgashite--

To give it to his descendants. F100

And You have R193 fulfilled Your promise,

For You are righteous.

9 "You R194 saw the affliction of our fathers in Egypt,

And heard R195 their cry by the Red F101 Sea.

10 "Then You performed signs R196 and wonders against Pharaoh,

Against all his servants and all the people of his land;

For You knew that they R197 acted arrogantly toward them,

And made R198 a name for Yourself as it is this day.

11 "You R199 divided the sea before them,

So they passed through the midst of the sea on dry ground;

And their R200 pursuers You hurled into the depths,

Like a stone into raging F102 waters.

12 "And with a pillar of cloud You R201 led them by day,

And with a pillar of fire by night

To light for them the way

In which they were to go.

13 "Then You R202 came down on Mount Sinai,

And spoke R203 with them from heaven;

You gave them just R204 ordinances and true laws,

Good statutes and commandments.

14 "So You made known to them Your R205 holy sabbath,

And laid down for them commandments, statutes and law,

Through Your servant Moses.

15 "You provided R206 bread from heaven for them for their hunger,

You brought R207 forth water from a rock for them for their thirst,

And You told R208 them to enter in order to possess

The land which You swore F103 to give them.

16 "But they, our fathers, acted R209 arrogantly;

They became R210 F104 stubborn and would not listen to Your commandments.

17 "They refused to listen,

And did R211 not remember Your wondrous deeds which You had performed among them;

So they became stubborn and appointed R212 a leader to return to their slavery in F105 Egypt.

But You are a God of R213 forgiveness,

Gracious and compassionate,

Slow to anger and abounding in lovingkindness;

And You did not forsake them.

18 "Even when they made R214 for themselves

A calf of molten metal

And said, `This is your God

Who brought you up from Egypt,'

And committed great blasphemies, F106

19 You, R215 in Your great compassion,

Did not forsake them in the wilderness;

The R216 pillar of cloud did not leave them by day,

To guide them on their way,

Nor the pillar of fire by night, to light for them the way in which they were to go.

20 "You R217 gave Your good Spirit to instruct them,

Your manna You did not withhold from their mouth,

And You gave them water for their thirst.

21 "Indeed, forty R218 years You provided for them in the wilderness and they were not in want;

Their clothes did not wear out, nor did their feet swell.

22 "You also gave them kingdoms and peoples,

And allotted them to them as a boundary. F107

They R219 took possession of the land of Sihon the F108 king of Heshbon

And the land of Og the king of Bashan.

23 "You made their sons numerous as the R220 stars of heaven,

And You brought them into the land

Which You had told their fathers to enter and possess.

24 "So R221 their sons entered and possessed the land.

And You R222 subdued before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites,

And You gave them into their hand, with their kings and the peoples of the land,

To do with them as F109 they desired.

25 "They R223 captured fortified cities and a fertile R224 F110 land.

They took possession of houses R225 full of every good thing,

Hewn cisterns, vineyards, olive groves,

Fruit trees in abundance.

So they ate, were filled and grew R226 fat,

And reveled R227 in Your great goodness.

26 "But R228 they became disobedient and rebelled against You,

And cast R229 Your law behind their backs

And killed R230 Your prophets who had admonished R231 them

So that they might return to You,

And they R232 committed great blasphemies. F111

27 "Therefore You delivered R233 them into the hand of their oppressors who oppressed them,

But when they cried to You in R234 the time of their distress,

You heard from heaven, and according to Your great compassion

You gave R235 them deliverers who delivered them from the hand of their oppressors.

28 "But as R236 soon as they had rest, they did evil again before You;

Therefore You abandoned them to the hand of their enemies, so that they ruled over them.

When they cried again to You, You heard from heaven,

And many R237 times You rescued them according to Your compassion,

29 And admonished R238 them in order to turn them back to Your law.

Yet they R239 acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances,

By which R240 if a man observes them he shall live.

And they turned R241 F112 a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

30 "However, R242 You bore with them for many years,

And admonished R243 them by Your R244 Spirit through Your prophets,

Yet they would not give ear.

Therefore You gave them into the hand of the peoples of the lands.

31 "Nevertheless, in Your great compassion You did R245 not make an end of them or forsake them,

For You are a R246 gracious and compassionate God.

32 "Now therefore, our God, the R247 great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who keeps covenant and lovingkindness,

Do not let all the hardship seem insignificant before You,

Which has come upon us, our kings, our princes, our priests, our prophets, our fathers and on all Your people,

From R248 the days of the kings of Assyria to this day.

33 "However, You R249 are just in all that has come upon us;

For You have dealt faithfully, but we have acted wickedly.

34 "For our kings, our leaders, our priests and our fathers have not kept Your law

Or paid attention to Your commandments and Your admonitions F113 with which You have admonished F114 them.

35 "But they, R250 in their own kingdom,

With R251 Your great goodness which You gave them,

With the broad and rich land which You set before them,

Did not serve You or turn from their evil deeds.

36 "Behold, we R252 are slaves today,

And as to the land which You gave to our fathers to eat of its fruit and its bounty,

Behold, we are slaves in it.

37 "Its R253 abundant produce is for the kings

Whom You have set over us because of our sins;

They also rule over our bodies

And over our cattle as they please,

So we are in great distress.

A Covenant Results

38 "Now F115 because of all this

We R254 are making an agreement in writing;

And on the sealed R255 document are the names of our leaders, our Levites and our priests."

F99: Lit seed
F100: Lit seed
F101: Lit Sea of Reeds
F102: Lit strong, mighty
F103: Lit lifted up Your hand
F104: Lit stiffened their neck; so also v 17
F105: So Greek and some Hebrew mss; Hebrew reads in their rebellion
F106: Lit acts of contempt
F107: Lit side, corner
F108: So the Greek and the Latin; Hebrew reads and the land of the king of Heshbon
F109: Lit according to their desire
F110: Lit fat
F111: Lit acts of contempt
F112: Lit gave
F113: Lit testimonies
F114: Or witnessed
F115: Ch 10:1 in Heb

R179: Nehemiah 8:2
R180: Ezra 8:23
R181: 1 Samuel 4:12
R182: Ezra 10:11; Nehemiah 13:3
R183: Proverbs 28:13; Jeremiah 3:13
R184: Nehemiah 8:4
R185: Nehemiah 8:7
R186: Deuteronomy 6:4; 2 Kings 19:15
R187: Genesis 1:1
R188: Colossians 1:16f
R189: Genesis 12:1
R190: Genesis 11:31
R191: Genesis 17:5
R192: Genesis 15:6,18-21
R193: Joshua 21:43-45
R194: Exodus 3:7
R195: Exodus 14:10-14,31
R196: Exodus 7:8-12:32
R197: Exodus 5:2
R198: Exodus 9:16
R199: Exodus 14:21
R200: Exodus 15:1,5,10
R201: Exodus 13:21,22
R202: Exodus 19:11,18-20
R203: Exodus 20:1
R204: Psalms 19:7-9
R205: Exodus 16:23; 20:8
R206: Exodus 16:4,14,15
R207: Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:7-13
R208: Deuteronomy 1:8,21
R209: Nehemiah 9:10
R210: Deuteronomy 1:26-33; 31:27; Nehemiah 9:29
R211: Psalms 78:11,42-55
R212: Numbers 14:4
R213: Exodus 34:6,7; Numbers 14:18
R214: Exodus 32:4-8,31
R215: Deuteronomy 8:2-4; Nehemiah 9:27,31
R216: Nehemiah 9:12
R217: Numbers 11:17; Nehemiah 9:30; Isaiah 63:11-14
R218: Deuteronomy 2:7
R219: Numbers 21:21-35
R220: Genesis 15:5; 22:17
R221: Joshua 11:23; 21:43
R222: Joshua 18:1
R223: Deuteronomy 3:5
R224: Numbers 13:27
R225: Deuteronomy 6:11
R226: Deuteronomy 32:15
R227: 1 Kings 8:66
R228: Judges 2:11
R229: 1 Kings 14:9
R230: 2 Chronicles 36:16
R231: Nehemiah 9:30
R232: Nehemiah 9:18
R233: Judges 2:14
R234: Deuteronomy 4:29
R235: Judges 2:16
R236: Judges 3:11
R237: Psalms 106:43
R238: Nehemiah 9:26,30
R239: Nehemiah 9:10,16
R240: Leviticus 18:5
R241: Zechariah 7:11
R242: Psalms 95:10; Acts 13:18
R243: 2 Kings 17:13-18; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Nehemiah 9:26,29
R244: Nehemiah 9:20
R245: Jeremiah 4:27
R246: Nehemiah 9:17
R247: Nehemiah 1:5
R248: 2 Kings 15:19,29; 2 Kings 17:3-6; Ezra 4:2,10
R249: Genesis 18:25; Jeremiah 12:1
R250: Deuteronomy 28:47
R251: Nehemiah 9:25
R252: Deuteronomy 28:48
R253: Deuteronomy 28:33
R254: Nehemiah 10:29
R255: Nehemiah 10:1


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