On Life and Conduct
1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler,
Consider carefully what F314 is before you,
2 And put a knife to your throat
If you are a man R847 of great appetite.
3 Do not desire R848 his delicacies,
For it is deceptive food.
4 Do R849 not weary yourself to gain wealth,
Cease R850 from your consideration F315 of it.
5 When F316 you set your eyes on it, it is gone.
For wealth R851 certainly makes itself wings
Like an eagle that flies toward the heavens.
6 Do R852 not eat the bread of a F317 selfish R853 man,
Or desire his delicacies;
7 For as he thinks F318 within himself, so he is.
He says to you, "Eat and drink!"
But his R854 heart is not with you.
8 You will vomit R855 up the F319 morsel you have eaten,
And waste your compliments. F320
9 Do R856 not speak in the hearing F321 of a fool,
For he will despise R857 the wisdom of your words.
10 Do not move the ancient boundary
Or go R858 into the fields of the fatherless,
11 For their Redeemer R859 is strong;
He R860 will plead their case against you.
12 Apply your heart to discipline
And your ears to words of knowledge.
13 Do R861 not hold back discipline from the child,
Although you strike F322 him with the rod, he will not die.
14 You shall strike F323 him with the rod
And rescue R862 his soul from Sheol.
15 My son, if your heart is wise, R863
My own heart also will be glad;
16 And my inmost F324 being will rejoice
When your lips speak what R864 is right.
17 Do R865 not let your heart envy sinners,
But live in the fear R866 F325 of the LORD always. F326
18 Surely there is a future, R867 F327
And your hope R868 will not be cut off.
19 Listen, my son, and be R869 wise,
And direct R870 your heart in the way.
20 Do not be with heavy R871 drinkers of wine,
Or with gluttonous R872 eaters of meat;
21 For the heavy R873 drinker and the glutton will come to poverty,
And drowsiness R874 will clothe one with rags.
22 Listen R875 to your father who begot you,
And do R876 not despise your mother when she is old.
23 Buy R877 truth, and do not sell it,
Get wisdom and instruction and understanding.
24 The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice,
And he R878 who sires a wise son will be glad in him.
25 Let your father R879 and your mother be glad,
And let her rejoice who gave birth to you.
26 Give R880 me your heart, my son,
And let your eyes delight R881 F328 in my ways.
27 For a harlot is a deep R882 pit
And an adulterous R883 F329 woman is a narrow well.
28 Surely she lurks R884 as a robber,
And increases the faithless F330 among men.
29 Who has woe? R885 Who has sorrow?
Who has contentions? Who has complaining?
Who has wounds without cause?
Who has redness of eyes?
30 Those who linger R886 long over wine,
Those who go to taste F331 mixed R887 wine.
31 Do not look on the wine when it is red,
When it sparkles F332 in the cup,
When it goes R888 down smoothly;
32 At the last it bites R889 like a serpent
And stings like a viper. R890
33 Your eyes will see strange things
And your mind F333 will utter R891 perverse things.
34 And you will be like one who lies down in the middle F334 of the sea,
Or like one who lies down on the top of a mast. F335
35 "They struck R892 me, but I did not become ill; F336
They beat me, but I did not know it.
When shall I awake?
I will seek R893 another F337 drink."
F314: Or who
F315: Or understanding
F316: Lit Will your eyes fly upon it and it is not?
F317: Lit an evil eye
F318: Lit reckons in his soul
F319: Lit your
F320: Lit pleasant words
F321: Lit ears
F322: Lit smite
F323: Lit smite
F324: Lit kidneys
F325: Or reverence
F326: Lit all the day
F327: Lit latter end
F328: Another reading is observe
F329: Lit strange
F330: Lit treacherous
F331: Or search out
F332: Lit gives its eye
F333: Lit heart
F334: Lit heart
F335: Or lookout
F336: I.e. from the effect of wounds
F337: Lit it yet again
R847: Proverbs 23:20
R848: Psalms 141:4; Proverbs 23:6; Daniel 1:5,8,13,15,16
R849: Proverbs 15:27; 28:20; Matthew 6:19; 1 Timothy 6:9; Hebrews 13:5
R850: Proverbs 3:5,7
R851: Proverbs 27:24; 1 Timothy 6:17
R852: Psalms 141:4
R853: Deuteronomy 15:9; Proverbs 28:22
R854: Proverbs 26:24,25
R855: Proverbs 25:16
R856: Matthew 7:6
R857: Proverbs 1:7
R858: Jeremiah 22:3; Zechariah 7:10
R859: Job 1:19:25; Jeremiah 50:34
R860: Proverbs 22:23
R861: Proverbs 13:24; 19:18
R862: 1 Corinthians 5:5
R863: Proverbs 23:24f; 27:11; 29:3
R864: Proverbs 8:6
R865: Psalms 37:1; Proverbs 24:1,19
R866: Proverbs 28:14
R867: Psalms 19:11; 58:11; Proverbs 24:14
R868: Psalms 9:18
R869: Proverbs 6:6
R870: Proverbs 4:23; 9:6
R871: Proverbs 20:1; 23:29,30; Isaiah 5:22; Matthew 24:49; Luke 21:34; Romans 13:13; Ephesians 5:18
R872: Deuteronomy 21:20; Proverbs 28:7
R873: Proverbs 21:17
R874: Proverbs 6:10,11
R875: Proverbs 1:8; Ephesians 6:1
R876: Proverbs 15:20; 30:17
R877: Proverbs 4:7; 18:15; Matthew 13:44
R878: Proverbs 10:1; 15:20; 29:3
R879: Proverbs 27:11
R880: Proverbs 3:1; 4:4
R881: Psalms 1:2; 119:24
R882: Proverbs 22:14
R883: Proverbs 5:20
R884: Proverbs 6:26; 7:12; Ecclesiastes 7:26
R885: Isaiah 5:11,22
R886: 1 Samuel 25:36; Proverbs 20:1; Isaiah 5:11; 28:7; Ephesians 5:18
R887: Psalms 75:8
R888: Song of Solomon 7:9
R889: Job 1:20:16; Proverbs 20:1; Ephesians 5:18
R890: Psalms 91:13; Isaiah 11:8
R891: Proverbs 2:12
R892: Proverbs 27:22; Jeremiah 5:3
R893: Proverbs 26:11; Isaiah 56:12