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 Psalm 78
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of PsalmClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    78:1-72 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

God's Guidance of His People in Spite of Their Unfaithfulness.

A Maskil F825 of Asaph.

1 Listen, R2364 O my people, to my instruction; F826

Incline R2365 your ears to the words of my mouth.

2 I will open R2366 my mouth in a parable;

I will utter dark R2367 sayings of old,

3 Which we have heard and known,

And our R2368 fathers have told us.

4 We will not R2369 conceal them from their children,

But tell R2370 to the generation to come the praises of the LORD,

And His strength and His wondrous R2371 works that He has done.

5 For He established a testimony R2372 in Jacob

And appointed a law R2373 in Israel,

Which He commanded R2374 our fathers

That they should teach R2375 F827 them to their children,

6 That R2376 the generation to come might know, even the R2377 children yet to be born,

That they may arise and tell R2378 them to their children,

7 That they should put their confidence in God

And not R2379 forget the works of God,

But keep R2380 His commandments,

8 And not R2381 be like their fathers,

A stubborn R2382 and rebellious generation,

A generation that did R2383 not prepare F828 its heart

And whose spirit was not faithful R2384 to God.

9 The sons of Ephraim were F829 archers R2385 equipped with bows,

Yet they R2386 turned back in the day of battle.

10 They did R2387 not keep the covenant of God

And refused to walk R2388 in His law;

11 They forgot R2389 His deeds

And His miracles F830 that He had shown them.

12 He R2390 wrought wonders before their fathers

In the land of Egypt, in the field R2391 of Zoan.

13 He divided R2392 the sea and caused them to pass through,

And He made the waters stand up R2393 like a heap.

14 Then He led them with the cloud by day R2394

And all the night with a light R2395 of fire.

15 He split R2396 the rocks in the wilderness

And gave them abundant drink like the ocean depths.

16 He brought R2397 forth streams also from the rock

And caused waters to run down like rivers.

17 Yet they still continued to sin against Him,

To rebel R2398 against the Most High in the desert.

18 And in their heart they put R2399 God to the test

By asking food R2400 according to their desire.

19 Then they spoke against God;

They said, "Can R2401 God prepare a table in the wilderness?

20 "Behold, He struck R2402 the rock so that waters gushed out,

And streams were overflowing;

Can He give bread also?

Will He provide meat R2403 F831 for His people?"

21 Therefore the LORD heard and was F832 full R2404 of wrath;

And a fire was kindled against Jacob

And anger also mounted against Israel,

22 Because they did R2405 not believe in God

And did not trust in His salvation.

23 Yet He commanded the clouds above

And opened R2406 the doors of heaven;

24 He rained R2407 down manna upon them to eat

And gave them food R2408 F833 from heaven.

25 Man did eat the bread of angels; F834

He sent them food F835 in R2409 F836 abundance.

26 He caused R2410 the east wind to blow in the heavens

And by His power F837 He directed the south wind.

27 When He rained meat F838 upon them like the dust,

Even winged R2411 fowl like the sand of the seas,

28 Then He let them fall in the midst of their F839 camp,

Round about their dwellings.

29 So they ate R2412 and were well filled,

And their desire He gave to them.

30 Before F840 they had satisfied their desire,

While R2413 their food was in their mouths,

31 The anger R2414 of God rose against them

And killed some F841 of their stoutest R2415 ones,

And subdued F842 the choice men of Israel.

32 In spite of all this they still R2416 sinned

And did R2417 not believe in His wonderful works.

33 So He brought their R2418 days to an end in futility F843

And their years in sudden terror.

34 When He killed them, then they sought R2419 Him,

And returned and searched diligently R2420 for God;

35 And they remembered that God was their rock, R2421

And the Most High God their Redeemer. R2422

36 But they deceived R2423 Him with their mouth

And lied R2424 to Him with their tongue.

37 For their heart was not steadfast R2425 toward Him,

Nor were they faithful in His covenant.

38 But He, being compassionate, R2426 forgave R2427 F844 their iniquity and did not destroy them;

And often He restrained R2428 F845 His anger

And did not arouse all His wrath.

39 Thus He R2429 remembered that they were but flesh, R2430

A wind R2431 F846 that passes and does not return.

40 How often they rebelled R2432 against Him in the wilderness

And grieved R2433 Him in the desert! R2434

41 Again and again they tempted R2435 F847 God,

And pained the Holy R2436 One of Israel.

42 They did R2437 not remember His R2438 power, F848

The day when He redeemed R2439 them from the adversary,

43 When He performed His signs R2440 in Egypt

And His marvels R2441 in the field of Zoan,

44 And turned R2442 their rivers to blood,

And their streams, they could not drink.

45 He sent among them swarms of flies R2443 which devoured them,

And frogs R2444 which destroyed them.

46 He gave also their crops to the grasshopper R2445

And the product of their labor to the locust. R2446

47 He destroyed F849 their vines with hailstones R2447

And their sycamore trees with frost.

48 He gave over their cattle R2448 also to the hailstones

And their herds to bolts of lightning.

49 He sent R2449 upon them His burning anger,

Fury and indignation and trouble,

A F850 band of destroying angels.

50 He leveled a path for His anger;

He did not spare their soul from death,

But gave R2450 over their life to the plague,

51 And smote R2451 all the firstborn in Egypt,

The first R2452 issue of their virility in the tents of Ham. R2453

52 But He led R2454 forth His own people like sheep

And guided them in the wilderness like R2455 a flock;

53 He led them safely, R2456 so that they did not fear;

But the R2457 sea engulfed their enemies.

54 So He R2458 brought them to His holy land, F851

To this hill R2459 F852 country which R2460 His right hand had gained.

55 He also drove R2461 out the nations before them

And apportioned R2462 them for an inheritance by measurement,

And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.

56 Yet they tempted R2463 F853 and rebelled R2464 against the Most High God

And did not keep His testimonies,

57 But turned back and acted R2465 treacherously like their fathers;

They turned R2466 aside like a treacherous bow.

58 For they provoked R2467 Him with their high R2468 places

And aroused R2469 His jealousy with their graven R2470 images.

59 When God heard, He was F854 filled with wrath R2471

And greatly abhorred R2472 Israel;

60 So that He abandoned R2473 the dwelling R2474 place at Shiloh,

The tent which F855 He had pitched among men,

61 And gave up His strength R2475 to captivity

And His glory into R2476 the hand of the adversary.

62 He also delivered R2477 His people to the sword,

And was F856 filled with wrath at His inheritance.

63 Fire R2478 devoured His F857 young men,

And His F857 virgins R2479 had no wedding songs.

64 His F858 priests R2480 fell by the sword,

And His F858 widows R2481 could not weep.

65 Then the Lord awoke R2482 as if from sleep,

Like a warrior R2483 overcome F859 by wine.

66 He drove R2484 F860 His adversaries backward;

He put on them an everlasting reproach.

67 He also rejected R2485 the tent of Joseph,

And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,

68 But chose the tribe of Judah,

Mount Zion R2486 which He loved.

69 And He built R2487 His sanctuary like the heights,

Like the earth which He has founded forever.

70 He also chose R2488 David His servant

And took him from the sheepfolds;

71 From the R2489 F861 care of the ewes F862 with R2490 suckling lambs He brought him

To shepherd R2491 Jacob His people,

And Israel His R2492 inheritance.

72 So he shepherded them according to the integrity R2493 of his heart,

And guided them with his skillful hands.

F825: Lit signs
F826: Lit axes
F827: Lit thicket
F828: Lit altogether
F829: Or axes
F830: Lit set on fire
F831: Or To the ground they...
F832: Lit altogether
F833: Or oppress
F834: Or You Yourself
F835: Lit on
F836: Or You Yourself
F837: Or sea monster
F838: Lit people
F839: Or You Yourself
F840: Or You Yourself
F841: Or luminary
F842: Or You Yourself
F843: Or formed
F844: Or that the enemy has reviled the L\ORD/
F845: Lit Your reproach from the foolish man
F846: Lit Do Not Destroy
F847: Or totter
F848: Selah may mean: Pause, Crescendo or Musical interlude
F849: Lit neck
F850: Or mountainous desert
F851: Lit full of mixture
F852: Hebrew I
F853: Lit shelter
F854: Lit fiery shafts of the bow
F855: Lit battle
F856: Selah may mean: Pause, Crescendo or Musical interlude
F857: Or Majestic from the mountains
F857: Or Majestic from the mountains
F858: Lit They slumbered their sleep
F858: Lit They slumbered their sleep
F859: Lit men of might have found their hands
F860: Lit chariot
F861: Lit Your anger is
F862: Lit wraths

R2364: Isaiah 51:4
R2365: Isaiah 55:3
R2366: Psalms 49:4; Matthew 13:35
R2367: Proverbs 1:6
R2368: Psalms 44:1
R2369: Exodus 12:26; Deuteronomy 6:7; 11:19; Job 1:15:18; Psalms 145:4; Isaiah 38:19; Joel 1:3
R2370: Exodus 13:8,14; Psalms 22:30
R2371: Job 1:37:16; Psalms 26:7; 71:17
R2372: Psalms 19:7; 81:5; Isaiah 8:20
R2373: Psalms 147:19
R2374: Deuteronomy 6:4-9
R2375: Deuteronomy 4:9
R2376: Psalms 102:18
R2377: Psalms 22:31
R2378: Deuteronomy 11:19
R2379: Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:12; 8:14
R2380: Deuteronomy 4:2; 5:1,29; 27:1; Joshua 22:5
R2381: 2 Kings 17:14; 2 Chronicles 30:7; Ezekiel 20:18
R2382: Exodus 32:9; Deuteronomy 9:7,24; 31:27; Judges 2:19; Isaiah 30:9
R2383: Job 1:11:13; Psalms 78:37
R2384: Psalms 51:10
R2385: 1 Chronicles 12:2
R2386: Judges 20:39; Psalms 78:57
R2387: Judges 2:20; 1 Kings 11:11; 2 Kings 17:15; 18:12
R2388: Psalms 119:1; Jeremiah 32:23; 44:10,23
R2389: Psalms 106:13
R2390: Exodus 7-12; Psalms 106:22
R2391: Numbers 13:22; Psalms 78:43; Isaiah 19:11; 30:4; Ezekiel 30:14
R2392: Exodus 14:21; Psalms 74:13; 136:13
R2393: Exodus 15:8; Psalms 33:7
R2394: Exodus 13:21; Psalms 105:39
R2395: Exodus 14:24
R2396: Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:11; Psalms 105:41; 114:8; Isaiah 48:21; 1 Corinthians 10:4
R2397: Numbers 20:8,10,11
R2398: Deuteronomy 9:22; Isaiah 63:10; Hebrews 3:16
R2399: Exodus 17:6; Deuteronomy 6:16; Psalms 78:41,56; 95:9; 106:14; 1 Corinthians 10:9
R2400: Numbers 11:4
R2401: Exodus 16:3; Numbers 11:4; 20:3; 21:5; Psalms 23:5
R2402: Numbers 20:11; Psalms 78:15,16
R2403: Numbers 11:18
R2404: Numbers 11:1
R2405: Deuteronomy 1:32; 9:23; Hebrews 3:18
R2406: Genesis 7:11; Malachi 3:10
R2407: Exodus 16:4
R2408: Psalms 105:40; John 6:31
R2409: Exodus 16:3
R2410: Numbers 11:31
R2411: Exodus 16:13; Psalms 105:40
R2412: Numbers 11:19,20
R2413: Numbers 11:33
R2414: Numbers 11:33,34; Job 1:20:23
R2415: Isaiah 10:16
R2416: Numbers 14,16,17
R2417: Numbers 14:11; Psalms 78:11
R2418: Numbers 14:29,35
R2419: Numbers 21:7; Hosea 5:15
R2420: Psalms 63:1
R2421: Deuteronomy 32:4
R2422: Exodus 15:13; Deuteronomy 9:26; Psalms 74:2; Isaiah 41:14
R2423: Exodus 24:7,8; Ezekiel 33:31
R2424: Exodus 32:7,8; Isaiah 57:11
R2425: Psalms 51:10; 78:8; Acts 8:21
R2426: Exodus 34:6
R2427: Numbers 14:18-20
R2428: Isaiah 48:9
R2429: Job 1:10:9; Psalms 103:14
R2430: Genesis 6:3
R2431: Job 1:7:7,16; Psalms 103:14; James 4:14
R2432: Psalms 95:8,9; 106:43; 107:11; Hebrews 3:16
R2433: Psalms 95:10; Isaiah 63:10; Ephesians 4:30
R2434: Psalms 106:14
R2435: Numbers 14:22
R2436: 2 Kings 19:22; Psalms 89:18
R2437: Judges 8:34
R2438: Psalms 44:3
R2439: Psalms 106:10
R2440: Psalms 105:27
R2441: Exodus 4:21; 7:3
R2442: Exodus 7:20; Psalms 105:29
R2443: Exodus 8:24; Psalms 105:31
R2444: Exodus 8:6; Psalms 105:30
R2445: 1 Kings 8:37; Psalms 105:34
R2446: Exodus 10:14
R2447: Exodus 9:23-25; Psalms 105:32
R2448: Exodus 9:19
R2449: Exodus 15:7
R2450: Exodus 12:29,30
R2451: Exodus 12:29; Psalms 105:36; 135:8; 136:10
R2452: Genesis 49:3
R2453: Psalms 105:23,27; 106:22
R2454: Exodus 15:22
R2455: Psalms 77:20
R2456: Exodus 14:19,20
R2457: Exodus 14:27,28; Psalms 106:11
R2458: Exodus 15:17
R2459: Psalms 68:16; Isaiah 11:9
R2460: Psalms 44:3
R2461: Joshua 11:16-23; Psalms 44:2
R2462: Joshua 13:7; 23:4; Psalms 105:11; 135:12
R2463: Psalms 78:18
R2464: Judges 2:11-13; Psalms 78:40
R2465: Ezekiel 20:27,28
R2466: Hosea 7:16
R2467: Deuteronomy 4:25; Judges 2:12; 1 Kings 14:9; Isaiah 65:3
R2468: Leviticus 26:30; 1 Kings 3:2; 2 Kings 16:4; Jeremiah 17:3
R2469: Deuteronomy 32:16,21; 1 Kings 14:22
R2470: Exodus 20:4; Leviticus 26:1; Deuteronomy 4:25
R2471: Deuteronomy 1:34; 9:19; Psalms 106:40
R2472: Leviticus 26:30; Deuteronomy 32:19; Amos 6:8
R2473: 1 Samuel 4:11; Psalms 78:67; Jeremiah 7:12,14; 26:6
R2474: Joshua 18:1
R2475: Psalms 63:2; 132:8
R2476: 1 Samuel 4:17
R2477: Judges 20:21; 1 Samuel 4:10
R2478: Numbers 11:1; 21:28; Isaiah 26:11; Jeremiah 48:45
R2479: Jeremiah 7:34; 16:9; Lamentations 2:21
R2480: 1 Samuel 4:17; 22:18
R2481: Job 1:27:15; Ezekiel 24:23
R2482: Psalms 44:23; 73:20
R2483: Isaiah 42:13
R2484: 1 Samuel 5:6
R2485: Psalms 78:60
R2486: Psalms 87:2; 132:13
R2487: 1 Kings 6:1-38
R2488: 1 Samuel 16:11,12
R2489: 2 Samuel 7:8; Isaiah 40:11
R2490: Genesis 33:13
R2491: 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Chronicles 11:2; Psalms 28:9
R2492: 1 Samuel 10:1
R2493: 1 Kings 9:4


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