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ATS Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
Conscience money
Money changers
Sin money
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Money;: & Tribute money, Gold, Value
Prophet, seer
Tribute money: and Money
• Torrey's Topical Textbook
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Changers of Money
Money Changers
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Tribute money
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Current Money
Money, Current
Money, Love of
Money, Sin
Piece of Money
Sin Money
Tribute Money
Greek - free from the love of money
Greek - money
Greek - money
Greek - money belt, money belts
Greek - tribute money
Greek - lovers of money
Greek - love of money
Greek - money box
Greek - sum of money
Greek - changer of money, money changers
Greek - money
Greek - moneychanger, money changers
Greek - money
Greek - piece of money
Greek - money
Greek - money
Greek - money belts
Hebrew - money
Hebrew - piece of money, pieces of money
Hebrew - sum of money
Hebrew - money purses
Hebrew - money, silver from the money
Hebrew - money

Was anciently weighed, and did not at first exist in the form of coins. The most ancient commerce was conducted by barter, or exchanging one sort of merchandise for another. One man gave what he could spare to another, who gave him in return part of his superabundance. Afterwards, the more precious metals were used in traffic, as a value more generally known and stated, and the amount agreed upon was paid over by weight, Genesis 23:16 43:21 Exodus 30:24. Lastly they gave this metal, a certain weight, and a certain degree of alloy, to fix its value, and to save buyers and sellers the trouble of weighing and examining the coins. The first regular coinage among the Jews is supposed to have been in the time of Simon Maccabaeus, less than a century and a half before Christ. The coins were the shekel, and a half, a third, and a quarter of a shekel. The Jewish coins bore an almond rod and a vase of manna, but no image of any man was allowed. Compare Matthew 22:16-22. Many Greek and Roman coins circulated in Judea in New Testament times. See MITE, PENNY, SHEKEL.

Volney says, "The practice of weighing money is general in Syria, Egypt, and all Turkey. No piece, however effaced, is refused there: the merchant draws out his scales and weighs it, as in the days of Abraham, when he purchased his sepulchre. In considerable payments, an agent of exchange is sent for, who counts paras by thousands, rejects pieces of false money, and weighs all the sequins, either separately or together." This may serve to illustrate the phrase, "current money with the merchant," Genesis 23:16; and the references to "divers weights" a large one to weigh the money received, and a small one for that paid out; and to "wicked balances," Deuteronomy 25:13 Amos 8:5 Micah 6:11. Our Savior alludes to a class of "exchangers," who appear to have taken money on deposit, and so used it that the owner might afterwards receive his own with interest, Matthew 25:27. There were also money brokers who had stands in the outer court of the temple, probably to exchange foreign for Jewish coins; and to accommodate those who wished to pay the yearly half-shekel tax, Exodus 30:15, or to present an offering. They were expelled by the Lord of the temple, not only for obtruding a secular business within the house of prayer, but also for pursuing it dishonestly, Mark 11:15-17.

In 1 Timothy 6:10, Paul speaks of the "love of money" as a root of all evils; censuring not money itself, but the love of ita prevailing form of human selfishness and covetousness. This passion, to which so many crimes are chargeable, may infest the heart of a poor man as well as that of the rich; for the one may have as much of "the love of money" as the other.

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859. Public Domain, copy freely.

Bibliography Information
Rand, W. W. "Entry for 'MONEY'". "American Tract Society Bible Dictionary".
<>. 1859.


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