Mentioned among the extraordinary phenomena of Palestine (Psalms 18:7; Compare Habakkuk 3:6; Nahum 1:5; Isaiah 5:25).
The first earthquake in Palestine of which we have any record happened in the reign of Ahab (1 Kings 19:11,12). Another took place in the days of Uzziah, King of Judah (Zechariah 14:5). The most memorable earthquake taking place in New Testament times happened at the crucifixion of our Lord (Matthew 27:54). An earthquake at Philippi shook the prison in which Paul and Silas were imprisoned (Act 16:26).
It is used figuratively as a token of the presence of the Lord (Judges 5:4; 2Sam 22:8; Psalms 77:18; 97:4; 104:32).
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Earthquake'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".