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Easton's Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
Sin money
Unpardonable sin
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Children, & sin of fathers
Law; & sin
Sacrifices for sin, offerings; extras: & Offerings
Sin; the cause?
• Torrey's Topical Textbook
Confession of Sin
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
Eternal Sin
Sin Offering
Sin unto Death
Unpardonable Sin
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Forgiveness of sin
Man of sin
Sin, Wilderness of
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Sin (1)
Sin (2)
Sin Offering
Sin, Wilderness of
• Hitchcock's Bible Names
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Sin offering
Sin, Wilderness of
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Holy Ghost (spirit), Sin Against the
Man of Sin
Money, Sin
Shin, Sin
Sin (1)
Sin (2)
Sin Against the Holy Ghost (spirit)
Sin Money
Sin Offering
Sin, Man of
Sin, Wilderness of
Unpardonable Sin
Greek - free from sin
Greek - sin, sins
Greek - sin, commit sin, sinned, sinning, sins
Greek - sin, sinful, sins
Greek - without sin
Greek - sin
Greek - sin already, sin heretofore, sinned in the past
Greek - led into sin
Hebrew - sin
Hebrew - sin, sinful, sinner, bring sin, cleansing, commits sin, offered it for sin, offers it for sin, purified themselves from sin, sin have i committed, sinned, sinning, sins
Hebrew - sin, sins
Hebrew - sin offering
Hebrew - sin
Hebrew - Sin
Hebrew - offering for sin, sin
Hebrew - sin ignorantly, sinned
Hebrew - sin offering
Hebrew - purification for sin, sin, sin offering, sinful, sinner, offering for the sin, purification from sin, sin offerings, sinned, sins
Hebrew - sin, sin offering
Hebrew - sin through ignorance
Hebrew - sin
Hebrew - sin, sins
Sin -

Is "any want of conformity unto or transgression of the law of God" (1 John 3:4; Romans 4:15), in the inward state and habit of the soul, as well as in the outward conduct of the life, whether by omission or commission (Romans 6:12-17; 7:5-24). It is "not a mere violation of the law of our constitution, nor of the system of things, but an offence against a personal lawgiver and moral governor who vindicates his law with penalties. The soul that sins is always conscious that his sin is (1) intrinsically vile and polluting, and (2) that it justly deserves punishment, and calls down the righteous wrath of God. Hence sin carries with it two inalienable characters, (1) ill-desert, guilt (reatus); and (2) pollution (macula).", Hodge's Outlines.

The moral character of a man's actions is determined by the moral state of his heart. The disposition to sin, or the habit of the soul that leads to the sinful act, is itself also sin (Romans 6:12-17; Galatians 5:17; James 1:14,15).

The origin of sin is a mystery, and must for ever remain such to us. It is plain that for some reason God has permitted sin to enter this world, and that is all we know. His permitting it, however, in no way makes God the author of sin.

Adam's sin (Genesis 3:1-6) consisted in his yielding to the assaults of temptation and eating the forbidden fruit. It involved in it, (1) the sin of unbelief, virtually making God a liar; and (2) the guilt of disobedience to a positive command. By this sin he became an apostate from God, a rebel in arms against his Creator. He lost the favour of God and communion with him; his whole nature became depraved, and he incurred the penalty involved in the covenant of works.

Original sin. "Our first parents being the root of all mankind, the guilt of their sin was imputed, and the same death in sin and corrupted nature were conveyed to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation." Adam was constituted by God the federal head and representative of all his posterity, as he was also their natural head, and therefore when he fell they fell with him (Romans 5:12-21; 1 Corinthians 15:22-45). His probation was their probation, and his fall their fall. Because of Adam's first sin all his posterity came into the world in a state of sin and condemnation, i.e., (1) a state of moral corruption, and (2) of guilt, as having judicially imputed to them the guilt of Adam's first sin.

"Original sin" is frequently and properly used to denote only the moral corruption of their whole nature inherited by all men from Adam. This inherited moral corruption consists in, (1) the loss of original righteousness; and (2) the presence of a constant proneness to evil, which is the root and origin of all actual sin. It is called "sin" (Romans 6:12,14,17; 7:5-17), the "flesh" (Galatians 5:17,24), "lust" (James 1:14,15), the "body of sin" (Romans 6:6), "ignorance," "blindness of heart," "alienation from the life of God" (Ephesians 4:18,19). It influences and depraves the whole man, and its tendency is still downward to deeper and deeper corruption, there remaining no recuperative element in the soul. It is a total depravity, and it is also universally inherited by all the natural descendants of Adam (Romans 3:10-23; 5:12-21; 8:7). Pelagians deny original sin, and regard man as by nature morally and spiritually well; semi-Pelagians regard him as morally sick; Augustinians, or, as they are also called, Calvinists, regard man as described above, spiritually dead (Ephesians 2:1; 1 John 3:14).

The doctrine of original sin is proved,

  • From the fact of the universal sinfulness of men. "There is no man that sinneth not" (1 Kings 8:46; Isaiah 53:6; Psalms 130:3; Romans 3:19,22,23; Galatians 3:22).
  • From the total depravity of man. All men are declared to be destitute of any principle of spiritual life; man's apostasy from God is total and complete (Job 15:14-16; Genesis 6:5,6).
  • From its early manifestation (Psalms 58:3; Proverbs 22:15).
  • It is proved also from the necessity, absolutely and universally, of regeneration (John 3:3; 2co 5:17).
  • From the universality of death (Romans 5:12-20).

    Various kinds of sin are mentioned,

  • "Presumptuous sins," or as literally rendered, "sins with an uplifted hand", i.e., defiant acts of sin, in contrast with "errors" or "inadvertencies" (Psalms 19:13).
  • "Secret", i.e., hidden sins (19:12); sins which escape the notice of the soul.
  • "Sin against the Holy Ghost" (q.v.), or a "sin unto death" (Matthew 12:31,32; 1 John 5:16), which amounts to a wilful rejection of grace.

    Sin, a city in Egypt, called by the Greeks Pelusium, which means, as does also the Hebrew name, "clayey" or "muddy," so called from the abundance of clay found there. It is called by Ezekel (Ezekiel 30:15) "the strength of Egypt, "thus denoting its importance as a fortified city. It has been identified with the modern Tineh, "a miry place," where its ruins are to be found. Of its boasted magnificence only four red granite columns remain, and some few fragments of others.

  • Copyright Statement
    These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    Bibliography Information
    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Sin'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
    <>. 1897.

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