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When David took it from the Jebusites (Joshua 15:63; 2Sam. 5:7) he built on it a citadel and a palace, and it became "the city of David" (1 Kings 8:1; 2Kings 19:21,31; 1 Chronicles 11:5). In the later books of the Old Testament this name was sometimes used (Psalms 87:2; 149:2; Isaiah 33:14; Joel 2:1) to denote Jerusalem in general, and sometimes God's chosen Israel (Psalms 51:18; 87:5).
In the New Testament (see SION) it is used sometimes to denote the Church of God (Hebrews 12:22), and sometimes the heavenly city (Revelation 14:1).
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Zion'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".