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Holman Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jealousy offering
Jealousy, Image of
Jealousy, Waters of
Water of jealousy
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Jealousy, Waters of
Water of Jealousy
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Water of jealousy
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Jealousy, Image of
Jealousy, Water of
Water of Bitterness (or of Jealousy)
Greek - provoke to jealousy, move to jealousy
Greek - jealousy
Hebrew - jealousy, provoked him to jealousy, provokes to jealousy
Hebrew - jealousy

Jealousy is used in three senses in Scripture; (1) as intolerance of rivalry or unfaithfulness; (2) as a disposition suspicious of rivalry or unfaithfulness; and (3) as hostility towards a rival or one believed to enjoy an advantage. Sense 3 approximates envy. God is jealous for His people Israel in sense 1, that is, God is intolerant of rival gods (Exodus 20:5; Exodus 34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; Deuteronomy 5:9) One expression of God's jealousy for Israel is God's protection of His people from enemies. Thus God's jealousy includes avenging Israel (Ezekiel 36:6; Ezekiel 39:25; Nahum 1:2; Zechariah 1:14; Zechariah 8:2). Phineas is described as jealous with God's jealousy (Numbers 25:11,Numbers 25:13, sometimes translated zealous for God). Elijah is similarly characterized as jealous (or zealous) for God (1 Kings 19:10,1 Kings 19:14). In the New Testament Paul speaks of his divine jealousy for the Christians at Corinth (2 Corinthians 11:2).

Numbers 5:11-30 concerns the process by which a husband suspicious of his wife's unfaithfulness might test her. Most often human jealousy involves hostility towards a rival. Joseph's brothers were jealous (Genesis 37:11) and thus sold their brother into slavery (Acts 7:9). In Acts 17:5 a jealous group among the Jews incited the crowd against Paul. Jealousy, like envy, is common in vice lists (Romans 13:13; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20-21). Jealousy is regarded as worse than wrath or anger (Proverbs 27:4). James regarded jealousy (or bitter envy) as characteristic of earthy, demonic wisdom (Proverbs 3:14) and as the source of all disorder and wickedness (Proverbs 3:16). See Envy.

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'JEALOUSY'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".
<>. 1991.


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